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Robin Williams filmography
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American actor and comedian Robin Williams (19512014) starred in films, television and video games throughout his career.

Williams studied acting at the College of Marin in California and later at the Juilliard School in New York. Williams' first acting role was in the revival of Laugh-In in 1977, before he portrayed Mork in Mork & Mindy from 1978 to 1982 and the titular role in Popeye. After starring in less financially successful films he made his breakthrough role portraying Adrian Cronauer in Good Morning, Vietnam.

Film

Title Year Role Director(s) Notes Ref. Can I Do It... 'Til I Need Glasses? 1977 Lawyer / Man with Tooth Ache I. Robert Levy [1] Popeye 1980 Popeye Robert Altman [2] The World According to Garp 1982 T.S. Garp George Roy Hill [3] The Survivors 1983 Donald Quinelle Michael Ritchie [4] Moscow on the Hudson 1984 Vladimir Ivanov Paul Mazursky [5] The Best of Times 1986 Jack Dundee Roger Spottiswoode [6] Club Paradise Jack Moniker Harold Ramis [7] Seize the Day Tommy Wilhelm Fielder Cook [8] Good Morning, Vietnam 1987 Adrian Cronauer Barry Levinson [9] The Adventures of Baron Munchausen 1988 King of the Moon Terry Gilliam Credited as Ray D. Tutto [10] Portrait of a White Marriage Air Conditioning Salesman Harry Shearer Uncredited cameo Dead Poets Society 1989 John Keating Peter Weir [11] Cadillac Man 1990 Joey O'Brien Roger Donaldson [12] Awakenings Dr. Malcolm Sayer Penny Marshall [13] Shakes the Clown 1991 Mime Class Instructor Bobcat Goldthwait Cameo [14] Dead Again Doctor Cozy Carlisle Kenneth Branagh [15] The Fisher King Henry "Parry" Sagan Terry Gilliam [16] Hook Peter Banning / Peter Pan Steven Spielberg [17] FernGully: The Last Rainforest 1992 Batty Koda (voice) Bill Kroyer [18] The Timekeeper The Timekeeper (voice) Circle-Vision 360 film [19] Aladdin Genie and Peddler (voices) Ron Clements
John Musker [19] Toys Leslie Zevo Barry Levinson [20] Mrs. Doubtfire 1993 Daniel Hillard / Euphegenia Doubtfire Chris Columbus Also producer Being Human 1994 Hector Bill Forsyth Nine Months 1995 Dr. Kosevich Chris Columbus To Wong Foo, Thanks for Everything! Julie Newmar John Jacob Jingleheimer Schmidt Beeban Kidron Uncredited cameo [21] Jumanji Alan Parrish Joe Johnston The Birdcage 1996 Armand Goldman Mike Nichols [22] Jack Jack Powell Francis Ford Coppola Aladdin and the King of Thieves Genie (voice) Tad Stones Direct-to-video [23] The Secret Agent The Professor Christopher Hampton Uncredited Hamlet Osric Kenneth Branagh Fathers' Day 1997 Dale Putley Ivan Reitman Deconstructing Harry Mel Woody Allen Flubber Professor Philip Brainard Les Mayfield Good Will Hunting Sean Maguire Gus Van Sant [24] What Dreams May Come 1998 Chris Nielsen Vincent Ward Patch Adams Patch Adams Tom Shadyac Jakob the Liar 1999 Jakob Heym Peter Kassovitz Also executive producer Bicentennial Man Andrew Martin Chris Columbus Get Bruce Himself Andrew J. Kuehn Documentary A.I. Artificial Intelligence 2001 Dr. Know (voice) Steven Spielberg Cameo [25] One Hour Photo 2002 Seymour "Sy" Parrish Mark Romanek [26] Death to Smoochy "Rainbow" Randolph Smiley Danny DeVito Insomnia Walter Finch Christopher Nolan The Rutles 2: Can't Buy Me Lunch Hans Hankie Eric Idle TV Film The Final Cut 2004 Alan W. Hakman Omar Naim House of D Pappass David Duchovny Noel Charlie Boyd / The Priest Chazz Palminteri Uncredited Robots 2005 Fender (voice) Chris Wedge The Big White Paul Barnell Mark Mylod The Aristocrats Himself Penn Jillette
Paul Provenza Documentary The Night Listener 2006 Gabriel Noone Patrick Stettner RV Bob Munro Barry Sonnenfeld Everyone's Hero Napoleon Cross (voice) Christopher Reeve
Daniel St. Pierre
Colin Brady Uncredited [27] Man of the Year Tom Dobbs Barry Levinson Happy Feet Ramon and Lovelace (voices) George Miller Night at the Museum Theodore Roosevelt Shawn Levy License to Wed 2007 Reverend Frank Ken Kwapis August Rush Maxwell "Wizard" Wallace Kirsten Sheridan World's Greatest Dad 2009 Lance Clayton Bobcat Goldthwait Shrink Jack Holden Jonas Pate Night at the Museum: Battle of the Smithsonian Theodore Roosevelt Shawn Levy Old Dogs Dan Rayburn Walt Becker Happy Feet Two 2011 Ramon and Lovelace (voices) George Miller The Big Wedding 2013 Father Monighan Justin Zackham [28] The Butler Dwight D. Eisenhower Lee Daniels [29] The Face of Love Roger Arie Posin [30] Boulevard 2014 Nolan Mack Dito Montiel The Angriest Man in Brooklyn Henry Altmann Phil Alden Robinson [31] A Merry Friggin' Christmas Mitch Tristram Shapeero Posthumous release [32] Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt &
The Garuda Artifact Shawn Levy [32] Absolutely Anything 2015 Dennis the Dog (voice) Terry Jones [33]

Television

Williams in 2007 Year Title Role Notes 1977 Sorority '62 Henry Television pilot The Richard Pryor Show Various characters 2 episodes Rowan & Martin's Laugh-In Eight Is Enough Episode: "The Return of Auntie V" 1978 America 2-Night Jason Shine 2 episodes 19781979 Happy Days Mork 2 episodes 19781982 Mork & Mindy 92 episodes 1979 Out of the Blue Episode: "Random's Arrival" 1981, 1986
1988 Saturday Night Live Himself (host) 4 episodes 1982 E.T. and Friends: Magical Movie Visitors Himself (host) Television special Faerie Tale Theatre Frog / Prince Robin Episode: "Tale of the Frog Prince" SCTV Network Various characters Episode: "Jane Eyrehead" 19821983 Mork & Mindy/Laverne & Shirley/Fonz Hour Mork (voice) 26 Episodes 1984 Pryor's Place Gaby Episode: "Sax Education" 1987 Carol, Carl, Whoopi and Robin Various characters Television special[34] Dear America: Letters Home from Vietnam Baby-san (voice) Documentary 1990 The Earth Day Special Everyman Television special 19912012 Sesame Street Himself 12 episodes 1991 Big Bird's Birthday Celebration Sesame Street special A Wish for Wings That Work The Kiwi (voice) Television special
Credited as Sudy Nim 1992, 1994 The Larry Sanders Show Himself 2 episodes 1994 Homicide: Life on the Street Robert Ellison Episode: "Bop Gun" In Search of Dr. Seuss The Father Television film 1997 Friends Tomas Uncredited
Episode: "The One with the Ultimate Fighting Champion" 1999 L.A. Doctors Hugo Kinsley Episode: "Just Duet" 2000 Whose Line Is It Anyway? Himself 1 episode 2002 The Rutles 2: Can't Buy Me Lunch Hans Hankie Television film 2003 Freedom: A History of Us Josiah Quincy
Ulysses S. Grant
Missouri farmer
Wilbur Wright
Orville Wright 4 episodes Life with Bonnie Kevin Powalski Episode: "Psychic" 2008 Law & Order: Special Victims Unit Merritt Rook Episode: "Authority" 2009 SpongeBob SquarePants Himself Episode: "SpongeBob's Truth or Square" 2012 Wilfred Dr. Eddy / Himself Episode: "Progress" Louie Himself Episode: "Barney/Never" 20132014 The Crazy Ones Simon Roberts 22 episodes

Video games

Year Title Role Notes 1996 Jumanji: A Jungle Adventure Game Pack Alan Parrish (voice) [35] 1997 Disney's Math Quest: Aladdin Genie (voice) [36]

Video recordings

  • Off the Wall / Live at the Roxy (1978) dir. Marty Callner
  • An Evening with Robin Williams (19821983) dir. Don Misscher
  • Robin Williams: An Evening at the Met (1986) dir. Bruce Gowers
  • Activity in Theater in 1994, 2001 and 2011
  • Robin Williams: Live on Broadway (2002) dir. Bill Crooks and Marty Callner, Sony Pictures Entertainment[37]
  • Robin Williams: Inside the Actors Studio, with James Lipton, Shout! Factory (2008)[38]
  • Weapons of Self Destruction (2009) dir. Marty Callner[39]

See also

  • List of awards and nominations received by Robin Williams

References

^ Harris, Jamie. "Robin Williams 19512014: Comedy icon's movie career in pictures". Digital Spy. Retrieved February 23, 2016..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} ^ "Popeye Is the Best Movie Robin Williams Ever Made". Vanity Fair. August 12, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2016. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1982). "The World According to Garp Movie Review". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved February 24, 2016. ^ Canby, Vincent (June 22, 1983). "The Survivors (1983)". The New York Times. Retrieved February 24, 2016. ^ Ebert, Roger (January 1, 1984). "Moscow on the Hudson Movie Review". Chicago-Sun Times. Retrieved February 24, 2016. ^ "The Best of Times (1986)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 24, 2016. ^ "Club Paradise (1986)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 26, 2016. ^ "Seize the Day (1986)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved February 26, 2016. ^ Canby, Vincent (December 23, 1987). "Film: 'Good Morning Vietnam'". The New York Times. Retrieved February 26, 2016. ^ Nathan, Ian (January 1, 2000). "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen Review". Empire. Retrieved February 27, 2016. ^ Travers, Peter (June 9, 1989). "Dead Poets Society". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 27, 2016. ^ Ebert, Roger (May 18, 1990). "Cadillac Man". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ "Awakenings". Entertainment Weekly. December 21, 1990. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ Maslin, Janet (March 13, 1992). "Review/Film; A World Of Clowns And Alcohol". The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ "Dead Again". Entertainment Weekly. August 30, 1991. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ Phipps, Keith (August 18, 2014). "With The Fisher King, Robin Williams shrugged off the burden of genius". The Dissolve. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 11, 1991). "Hook". Chicago-Sun Times. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ Baccam, Ashley (April 22, 2011). "10 Facts You May Not Know About FernGully: The Last Rainforest". BuzzFeed. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ a b "Robin Williams' Greatest Disney Moments". Disney.com. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ Ebert, Roger (December 18, 1992). "Toys". Chicago-Sun Times. Retrieved March 4, 2016. ^ Eller, Claudia (July 17, 1994). "'To Wong Foo,' Too: Sure He Can Wear a Dress, but Can He Look Cute in It?". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Turan, Kenneth (March 8, 1996). "Happy Campers of 'Birdcage': The Comedy Revisits the High Jinks of 'La Cage aux Folles'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Johnson, Malcolm (August 13, 1996). "Williams' Improvisation Steals Spotlight in 'King of Thieves'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Maslin, Janet (December 5, 1997). "Good Will Hunting (1997) Film Review; Logarithms and Biorhythms Test a Young Janitor". The New York Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Puig, Claudia (July 6, 2001). "Teddy bares his 'A.I.' growl with Angel's voice". USA Today. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Dargis, Manohla (August 23, 2002). "The Clerk as Creep". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Leydon, Joe (September 14, 2006). "Everyone's Hero". Variety. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ "Actors with local connections worked with Robin Williams". The Morning Call. August 12, 2014. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Gettell, Oliver (August 16, 2013). "'The Butler' serves up melodrama, fine performances, reviews say". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Dargis, Manohla (March 6, 2014). "Double Time: Seeing a Ghost, Romantically". The Face of Love. Retrieved March 30, 2016. ^ Lyne, Charlie (September 13, 2014). "The Angriest Man In Brooklyn, out now on DVD". The Guardian. Retrieved 23 February 2016. ^ a b Johnson, Zach (August 12, 2015). "Robin Williams Leaves Behind Four New Movies". E!. Retrieved February 23, 2016. ^ Debruge, Peter (May 12, 2017). "'Absolutely Anything' Review". Variety. Retrieved February 23, 2016. ^ "Carol, Carl, Whoopi and Robin" via www.imdb.com. ^ https://www.giantbomb.com/jumanji/3030-24714/ ^ "* Disney's Mathquest with Aladdin". Sun-Sentinel. February 22, 1998. Archived from the original on July 14, 2019. Retrieved July 14, 2019. ^ "Robin Williams to be honored when Broadway theaters dim their lights Wednesday night", New York Daily News, 13/08/2014, accessed 19/08/2014 ^ "Bravo to Air Williams' Actors' Studio Episode", Multichannel News, 18/08/2014, accessed 19/08/2014 ^ "HBO: Comedy: Robin Williams: Weapons of Self Destruction: Home". hbo.com.

External links

  • Robin Williams on IMDb
  • Robin Williams discography at Discogs
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robin_Williams_filmography&oldid=933533895"
1989 robin williams movie
The Best Ever Robin Williams Movies
Good Will Hunting is listed (or ranked) 2 on the list The Best Ever Robin Williams Movies
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Good Will Hunting

Good Will Hunting is a 1997 American drama film directed by Gus Van Sant, and starring Matt Damon, Robin Williams, Ben Affleck, Minnie Driver and Stellan Skarsgard. Written by Affleck and Damon, and with Damon in the title role, the film follows 20-year-old South Boston laborer Will Hunting, an unrecognized genius who, as part of a deferred prosecution agreement after assaulting a police officer, becomes a patient of a therapist and studies advanced mathematics with a renowned professor. Through his therapy sessions, Will re-evaluates his relationships with his best friend, his girlfriend and himself, facing the significant task of thinking about his future. The film received universal ...more on Wikipedia

Actors: Ben Affleck, Robin Williams, Matt Damon, Minnie Driver, Casey Affleck, + more

Released: 1997

Directed by: Gus Van Sant

More Good Will Hunting

#66 of 336 on 'Old' Movies Every Young Person Needs To Watch In Their Lifetime #13 of 291 on The Top Tearjerker Movies That Make Men Cry #25 of 409 on The Best Rainy Day Movies #98 of 601 on The Greatest Epic Movies Ever Made

One of his best? see more on Good Will Hunting

Robin Williams

Robin Williams

RobinRobin

Name

Robin McLaurin Williams

Birthplace

U.S FlagU.S Flag Chicago, Illinois

Birth date

July 21, 1951

Death place

Marin County, California

Died date

August 11, 2014 (aged63)

Occupation

Actor, comedian

Active Years

19722014

Robin McLaurin Williams (born July 21, 1951 August 11, 2014) was a notable Academy Award-winning American actor and comedian. As an actor he has had several starring roles on television, stage, and film.

BiographyEdit

Early life Edit

Williams was born in 1951 in Chicago, Illinois and raised in Bloomfield Hills, Michigan and Marin County, California. While in California, Robin attended Redwood High School in Larkspur and grew up in the suburb of Tiburon. In Michigan, he attended Detroit Country Day School, which boasts other famous alumni, including Steve Ballmer from Microsoft and Courtney Vance from Law and Order: Criminal Intent. Robin's father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams, of English, Welsh and Irish descent, was a senior executive at Ford in charge of the Midwest area. Robin's mother Laurie was a New Orleans-born former model of French descent. He has two half-brothers. He described himself as a quiet child whose first imitation was of his grandmother to his mom. He did not overcome his shyness until he became involved with his high school drama department.

Early stand-up and TV careerEdit

Williams first achieved notice for his stand-up routines performing for tips and working clubs like the Purple Onion in San Francisco. After studying at Claremont McKenna College (then called Claremont Men's College) with the Strut and Fret theatre group in Claremont, California, and at Juilliard Drama School (where he befriended and roomed with actor Christopher Reeve), he was cast by Garry Marshall as the alien Mork in a guest role in the TV series Happy Days.

As Mork, Williams improvised much of his dialogue and devised plenty of rapid-fire verbal and physical comedy, speaking in a high, nasal voice. Mork's appearance was so popular with viewers that it led to a spin-off hit television sitcom, Mork and Mindy, which ran from 1978 to 1982. Williams became an overnight sensation, and Mork was featured on posters, coloring books, lunchboxes, and other merchandise. His nonsensical catchphrases, including the greeting "nanoo nanoo" and the swear word "shazbat", were widely known.

In the '80s, Williams began to reach a wider audience with his standup comedy, including two Home Box Office (HBO) comedy specials, An Evening with Robin Williams (1982) and Robin Williams: Live at the Met (1986). His standup work has been a consistent thread through his career, as is seen by the success of his one-man show (and subsequent DVD) Robin Williams Live on Broadway (2002).

Cinema fameEdit

The majority of Williams' acting career has been in film, although he has given some memorable performances on stage as well (notably as Estragon in a production of Waiting for Godot). His first starring roles, Popeye (1980) and The World According to Garp (1982), were both considered flops, but with Good Morning, Vietnam (1987) Williams was nominated for an Academy Award and established a screen identity. Many of his roles have been comedies tinged with pathos (for example, The Birdcage, Mrs. Doubtfire).

In particular, his role as the Genie in the animated film Aladdin was instrumental in establishing the importance of star power in voice actor casting. Later, Williams once again used his voice talents in Bicentennial Man, the 2005 animated feature Robots, and an uncredited vocal performance in 2006's Everyone's Hero.

Williams had also starred in dramatic films, earning himself two subsequent Academy Award nominations: first for playing an unorthodox and inspiring English teacher in Dead Poets Society (1989), and later for playing a troubled homeless man in The Fisher King (1991). Other acclaimed dramatic films included Awakenings (1990), What Dreams May Come (1998), and Jakob the Liar (1999).

In 1997, he won an Oscar as Best Supporting Actor for his role as a psychologist in Good Will Hunting. However, by the early 2000s, he was thought by some to be typecast in films such as Patch Adams (1998) and Bicentennial Man (1999) that critics complained were excessively maudlin. This apparently prompted Williams to take radically unconventional roles, beginning with the dark comedy as a lowlife kiddie show host in Death to Smoochy, followed by One Hour Photo in a watershed performance as an obsessed film developer, Insomnia as a sociopathic writer, and The Final Cut, which is more in tune with Williams as a protagonist.

He was known for his wild improv skills and impersonations. Because his quick-wit performances frequently involved ingenious humor designed and delivered in rapid-fire succession completely while on stage, he was widely regarded as one of the greatest impromptu comedians of all time. He was a talented mimic and could jump in and out of characters and various accents at an extremely fast pace. Williams stated that he began doing impersonations as a child, mimicking his aunt's southern accent.

His most recent role was in the movie The Night Listener, a screen adaption of the popular mystery novel, in which he plays a radio show host who must figure out the story behind a mysterious fourteen-year-old caller.

Personal life Edit

Williams' first marriage was to Valerie Velardi on June 4, 1978, with whom he had one child, Zachary (born 1983). The marriage ended in 1988. On April 30, 1989, he married Marsha Garces. They havd two children, Zelda Ray (born 1989) and Cody Alan (born 1992).

He was portrayed by Chris Diamantopoulos in the made-for-TV biopic Behind the Camera: The Unauthorized Story of Mork & Mindy (2005), documenting the actor's arrival in Hollywood a struggling comedian and becoming an overnight star when he landed the role in Mork & Mindy.

In the 2006 Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards, he was the Surprise Guest.

On August 9, 2006, it was reported that Williams recently entered himself into a rehabilitation center for alcoholism. His publicist has confirmed, saying "After 20 years of sobriety, Robin Williams found himself drinking again and has decided to take proactive measures to deal with this for his own well-being and the well-being of his family. He asks that you respect his and his family's privacy during this time. He looks forward to returning to work this fall to support his upcoming film releases."

Williams resided in a large house in the upper-class Sea Cliff neighborhood of San Francisco.

Computer gamesEdit

Williams was a self-confessed gamer known to enjoy online video games, recently playing Warcraft 3, Half-Life[3] and the first-person shooter Battlefield 2 as a sniper.[4] In addition, he also played the tabletop wargame Warhammer 40,000. In an interview for a video game magazine, he stated that Nintendo contacted him once and told him because of his love of video games, if there ever is a live action Pokemon movie made, he would be their first, last and only choice to play Professor Oak.Template:Fact He also named his daughter Zelda because his son is a devoted fan of the Legend of Zelda video game series.Template:Fact Williams was even in talks to do a voice for the game Half-Life 2, because he was a big fan of the series. However, scheduling conflicts prevented this.Template:Fact

On January 6, 2006, he performed live at Consumer Electronics Show during the Google keynote.[5]

In the 2006 E3, on the invitation of Will Wright, he demonstrated the creature editor of Spore while simultaneously commenting on the creature's look: "This will actually make a platypus look good."[6] He also complimented the game's versatility, comparing it to Populous and Black & White. Charity work

Robin and Marsha founded the Windfall Foundation, a philanthropic organization to raise money for many different charities. Williams devoted much of his energy doing work for charities, including the Comic Relief fund-raising efforts. He was also a cycling fan, known to own hundreds of bicycles and to attend the Tour de France. Through his interest in cycling, he wasn a friend and supporter of Lance Armstrong and his foundation, performing at events for the foundation.

On August 11, 2014, Williams committed suicide in his Paradise Cay, California, home. His body was cremated at Montes Chapel of the Hills in San Anselmo and his ashes were scattered over San Francisco Bay the day after his death.

The final autopsy report, released in November 2014, concluded that he "died of 'asphyxia due to hanging'" (as suspected by the Marin County sheriff's office on August 12). Williams was also found with superficial wounds to his hands and arms, most likely caused by a pocketknife lying nearby. Neither alcohol nor illegal drugs were involved, and prescription drugs present in his body were at "therapeutic" levels. The report also noted that Williams had been suffering "a recent increase in paranoia". An examination of his brain tissue suggested Williams suffered from "diffuse Lewy body dementia".[148] Describing the disease as "the terrorist inside my husband's brain", his wife Susan Schneider said, "however you look at itthe presence of Lewy bodies took his life," referring to his previous diagnosis of Parkinson's.

The Lewy Body Dementia Association (LBDA) clarified the distinction between the term used in the autopsy report, diffuse Lewy body dementiawhich is more commonly called diffuse Lewy body disease and refers to the underlying disease processand the umbrella term, Lewy body dementiawhich encompasses both Parkinson's disease dementia (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). According to LBDA spokesperson Dennis Dickson, "The report confirms he experienced depression, anxiety and paranoia, which may occur in either Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies ... In early PD, Lewy bodies are generally limited in distribution, but in DLB, the Lewy bodies are spread widely throughout the brain, as was the case with Robin Williams."

  • Robin Williams had performed in the USO for U.S. troops stationed in Iraq for three years. Just days after the start of the Iraq War, Williams performed for American troops stationed in Afghanistan.
  • He was roommates with the late Superman star Christopher Reeve. They remained good friends for the remainder of Reeve's life. Williams visited Reeve after the horseback riding accident that paralyzed him from the neck down and tried to cheer him up by arriving dressed as a clown doctor. Reeve stated that Robin was the first thing to make him laugh after the accident.
  • An episode of Mork and Mindy was made to highlight Superman: The Movie. Mork's son Mearth (Jonathan Winters) began idolizing Christopher Reeve's Superman character, after his parents took him to see the movie. The episode deals with Mork overcoming jealousy of Superman.
  • He was a Democrat.
  • During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Williams had a serious addiction to cocaine; he had since kicked the habit. One quote attributed to him: "Cocaine is God's way of telling you that you are making too much money." Williams was a close friend and frequent partier alongside John Belushi. Williams says the death of his friend and the birth of his son prompted him to quit drugs: "Was it a wake-up call? Oh yeah, on a huge level. A grand jury will sober you up pretty quickly."
  • At high school, he won a "Faisal" award for "Most Likely To Not Succeed".
  • He appeared on an episode of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition that aired on January 30, 2006. Via a live video link to the De'Aeth family whose house and animal rescue shelter were being made over, he encouraged their son Cody, a budding comedian, and gave the family's shelter a recreational vehicle used in the movie R.V.
  • According to the Aladdin DVD commentary, most of his dialogue as the Genie was improvised.
  • Williams spoke French. However, he did not do his own French dubbing in movies as Jodie Foster sometimes has done.
  • He was a fan of the Tour de France cycle race and good friend of 7-time Yellow Jersey winner Lance Armstrong.
  • He was the voice of The Timekeeper, a former attraction at the Walt Disney World Resort about a time-traveling robot who encounters Jules Verne and brings him to the future.
  • He once appeared on an episode of Whose Line is it Anyway? (Season 3, Episode 9: Nov. 16, 2000). During a game of "Scenes from a Hat," the scene "What Robin Williams is thinking right now" was pulled, and Williams stated "I have a career. What the hell am I doing?"
  • Shown donating blood numerous times directly after 9/11 to help victims of the attacks.
  • At one point, he was in the running to play the Riddler in Batman Forever until director Tim Burton dropped the project. Williams had earlier been a prime candidate to play the Joker in Batman (film). He had expressed interest in assuming the role in the sequel to 2005's Batman Begins.
  • He was good friends with film director Chris Columbus who is also a San Francisco resident. Williams has starred in Columbus' films Mrs. Doubtfire and Bicentennial Man.
  • Was a fan of the Japanese anime Neon Genesis Evangelion (EVA). In fact, the toy used in One Hour Photo was from Robin's personal collection.[citation needed] Also, in the CGI film Robots (movie), William's character carries a spear nearly identical to the Lance of Longinus prominiently featured in EVA.
  • He was good friends with "fellow Whovian" Steve Martin. Sometimes when both their schedules are not too heavy, they got together to watch DVDs of Doctor Who.
  • Was a fan of rugby union, in particular the All Blacks and is a close friend of Jonah Lomu.
  • In 2005, he successfully sued Michael Clayton, a former cast member of the Legends in Concert stage show at the Imperial Palace in Las Vegas, and his agent Michael Pool for misrepresenting Clayton as the real Robin Williams to a Star Tribune newspaper reporter and a fire department in Missouri. A permanent injunction was issued against Clayton preventing him from ever performing as Robin Williams.
  • Williams sang a version of "Come Together" with Bobby McFerrin on In My Life, a Beatles tribute album produced by George Martin. Williams also appeared in the music video of McFerrin's hit song "Don't Worry, Be Happy".

FilmographyEdit

ReferencesEdit

^ Patten, Dominic (January 9, 2013). Robin Williams Joins Dito Montiels Boulevard. Deadline.com. Retrieved on July 1, 2014. ^ The Angriest Man in Brooklyn, starring Robin Williams and Mila Kunis, begins filming in Brooklyn on Monday!. Onlocationvacations.com (September 6, 2012).
Robin WilliamsRobin Williams

External linksEdit

Wikiquote-logoWikiquote-logo Wikiquote has a collection of quotations from or аbout: Robin Williams
Jump to navigation Jump to search This article is about the American stand-up comedian and actor. For other people named Robin Williams, see Robin Williams (disambiguation).

Robin WilliamsRobin Williams Happy Feet premiere.jpgWilliams at the Happy Feet Two
premiere in Sydney in December 2011BornRobin McLaurin Williams
July 21, 1951
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.DiedAugust 11, 2014 (aged63)
Paradise Cay, California, U.S.Causeof deathSuicide by hangingResting placeAshes scattered in San Francisco BayEducationClaremont McKenna College
College of Marin
Juilliard SchoolOccupation
  • Actor
  • comedian
Yearsactive19722014Spouse(s)Valerie Velardi
(m.1978; div.1988)
Marsha Garces
(m.1989; div.2010)
Susan Schneider (m.2011)Children3, including Zelda Williams Comedy careerMediumStand-up, film, televisionGenresObservational comedy, improvisational comedy, physical comedy, political satire, self-deprecation, surreal humour

Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951 August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian. Born in Chicago, Williams began performing stand-up comedy in San Francisco and Los Angeles during the mid-1970s,[1] After rising to fame playing the alien Mork in the sitcom Mork & Mindy, Williams established a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting. He was known for his improvisation skills[2][3] and the wide variety of memorable character voices he created.[4][5] Many critics have lauded Williams as one of the funniest comedians of all time.[6][7]

After his first starring film role in Popeye (1980), Williams starred in numerous films that achieved critical and commercial success, including The World According to Garp (1982), Moscow on the Hudson (1984), Good Morning, Vietnam (1987), Dead Poets Society (1989), Awakenings (1990), The Fisher King (1991), Patch Adams (1998), One Hour Photo (2002) and World's Greatest Dad (2009), as well as box office hits, such as Hook (1991), Aladdin (1992), Mrs. Doubtfire (1993), Jumanji (1995), The Birdcage (1996), Good Will Hunting (1997) and the Night at the Museum trilogy (20062014).

Williams was nominated four times for Academy Awards, winning Best Supporting Actor for his performance as psychologist Sean Maguire in Good Will Hunting. He also received two Primetime Emmy Awards, six Golden Globe Awards, two Screen Actors Guild Awards, and four Grammy Awards.

Williams committed suicide in 2014 at his home in Paradise Cay, California, at the age of 63.[8] His wife attributed his suicide to his struggle with Lewy body disease.[9]

Early life

Robin McLaurin Williams was born at St. Luke's Hospital[10] in Chicago, Illinois on July 21, 1951.[11] His father, Robert Fitzgerald Williams, was a senior executive in Ford Motor Company's Lincoln-Mercury Division.[12][13] His mother, Laurie McLaurin, was a former model from Jackson, Mississippi. Through her, he was a great-great-grandson of Mississippi senator and governor Anselm J. McLaurin.[14] Williams had two elder half-brothers; paternal half-brother Robert[15] (also known as Todd) and maternal half-brother McLaurin.[16] He had English, Scottish, Welsh, Irish, French, and German ancestry.[17]

While his mother was a practitioner of Christian Science, Williams was raised in the Episcopal Church his father belonged to.[18][19] During a television interview on Inside the Actors Studio in 2001, Williams credited his mother as an important early influence on his humor, and he tried to make her laugh to gain attention.[20]

Williams attended public elementary school in Lake Forest at Gorton Elementary School and middle school at Deer Path Junior High School.[21] He described himself as a quiet child who did not overcome his shyness until he became involved with his high school drama department.[22] His friends recall him as very funny.[21]

In late 1963, when Williams was 12, his father was transferred to Detroit. The family lived in a 40-room farmhouse on 20 acres[12] in suburban Bloomfield Hills, Michigan, where he was a student at the private Detroit Country Day School.[21][23] He excelled in school, where he was on the school's wrestling team and was elected class president.[24]

As both his parents worked, Williams was attended to by the family's maid, who was his main companion. When Williams was 16, his father took early retirement and the family moved to Marin County, settling in Tiburon, California.[12][25][26] Following their move, Williams attended Redwood High School in nearby Larkspur. At the time of his graduation in 1969, he was voted "Most Likely Not to Succeed" and "Funniest" by his classmates.[27]

College and Juilliard School

After high school graduation, Williams enrolled at Claremont Men's College in Claremont, California, to study political science; he dropped out to pursue acting.[12][28] Williams studied theatre for three years at the College of Marin, a community college in Kentfield, California. According to College of Marin's drama professor James Dunn, the depth of the young actor's talent became evident when he was cast in the musical Oliver! as Fagin. Williams often improvised during his time in the drama program, leaving cast members in hysterics.[29] Dunn called his wife after one late rehearsal to tell her that Williams "was going to be something special".[29]

In 1973, Williams attained a full scholarship to the Juilliard School (Group 6, 19731976) in New York City. He was one of 20 students accepted into the freshman class and one of two accepted by John Houseman into the Advanced Program at the school that year; the other was Christopher Reeve. William Hurt and Mandy Patinkin were also classmates.[30][31] According to biographer Jean Dorsinville, Franklyn Seales and Williams were roommates at Juilliard.[32] Reeve remembered his first impression of Williams when they were new students at Juilliard:

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He wore tie-dyed shirts with tracksuit bottoms and talked a mile a minute. I'd never seen so much energy contained in one person. He was like an untied balloon that had been inflated and immediately released. I watched in awe as he virtually caromed off the walls of the classrooms and hallways. To say that he was "on" would be a major understatement.[31]

Williams and Reeve had a class in dialects taught by Edith Skinner, who Reeve said was one of the world's leading voice and speech teachers. According to Reeve, Skinner was bewildered by Williams, who could instantly perform in many accents, including Scottish, Irish, English, Russian, and Italian. Their primary acting teacher was Michael Kahn, who was "equally baffled by this human dynamo".[31] Williams already had a reputation for being funny, but Kahn criticized his antics as simple stand-up comedy. In a later production, Williams silenced his critics with his well-received performance as an old man in The Night of the Iguana by Tennessee Williams. "He simply was the old man," wrote Reeve. "I was astonished by his work and very grateful that fate had thrown us together."[31]

Williams and Reeve remained close friends until Reeve's death in 2004. Reeve had struggled for years with being quadriplegic after a horse-riding accident.[31]:16 Their friendship was like "brothers from another mother", according to Robin's son Zak Williams.[33] Williams paid many of Reeve's medical bills and gave financial support to his family.[31][34]

During the summers of 1974, 1975 and 1976, Williams worked as a busser at The Trident in Sausalito, California.[35] He left Juilliard[36][37] during his junior year in 1976 at the suggestion of Houseman, who said there was nothing more Juilliard could teach him.[30][38] Gerald Freedman, another of his teachers at Juilliard, said that Williams was a "genius" and that the school's conservative and classical style of training did not suit him; no one was surprised that he left.[39]

Career

Stand-up comedy

Williams performing stand-up comedy at a USO show on December 20, 2007

Williams began performing stand-up comedy in the San Francisco Bay Area in the mid-1970s. He gave his first performance at the Holy City Zoo, a comedy club in San Francisco, where he worked his way up from tending bar.[40] In the 1960s, San Francisco was a center for a rock music renaissance, hippies, drugs, and a sexual revolution, and in the 1970s, Williams helped lead its "comedy renaissance", writes critic Gerald Nachman.[1]:6 Williams says he found out about "drugs and happiness" during that period, adding that he saw "the best brains of my time turned to mud".[30]

Williams moved to Los Angeles and continued performing stand-up at clubs including The Comedy Store. There, in 1977, he was seen by TV producer George Schlatter, who asked him to appear on a revival of his show Laugh-In. The show aired in late 1977 and was his debut TV appearance.[30] That year, Williams also performed a show at the LA Improv for Home Box Office.[41] While the Laugh-In revival failed, it led Williams into a television career; he continued performing stand-up at comedy clubs such as the Roxy to help keep his improvisational skills sharp.[30][42] In England, Williams notably performed at The Fighting Cocks.

Televised live performances

Williams won a Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album for the recording of his 1979 live show at the Copacabana in New York, Reality... What a Concept.[43] Some of his later tours, after he became a TV and film star, include An Evening With Robin Williams, Robin Williams: At The Met and Robin Williams: Live on Broadway. The latter broke many long-held records for a comedy show. In some cases, tickets sold out within 30 minutes.[44] In 1986, Williams released A Night at the Met.[45]

After a six-year hiatus, in August 2008, Williams announced a new 26-city tour, Weapons of Self-Destruction. The tour started at the end of September 2009 and concluded in New York on December 3, and was the subject of an HBO special on December 8, 2009.

Hardships in performing stand-up

Williams performing at a United Service Organizations holiday show held for the Aviano Air Base community on December 22, 2007

Williams said that partly due to the stress of performing stand-up, he started using drugs and alcohol early in his career. He further said that he neither drank nor took drugs while on stage, but occasionally performed when hung over from the previous day. During the period he was using cocaine, he said that it made him paranoid when performing on stage.[46]

Williams once described the life of stand-up comedians:

It's a brutal field, man. They burn out. It takes its toll. Plus, the lifestylepartying, drinking, drugs. If you're on the road, it's even more brutal. You gotta come back down to mellow your ass out, and then performing takes you back up. They flame out because it comes and goes. Suddenly they're hot, and then somebody else is hot. Sometimes they get very bitter. Sometimes they just give up. Sometimes they have a revival thing and they come back again. Sometimes they snap. The pressure kicks in. You become obsessed and then you lose that focus that you need.[1]:3435

Some, such as the critic Vincent Canby, were concerned that his monologues were so intense that it seemed as though at any minute his "creative process could reverse into a complete meltdown."[47] His biographer Emily Herbert described his "intense, utterly manic style of stand-up [which sometimes] defies analysis ... [going] beyond energetic, beyond frenetic ... [and sometimes] dangerous ... because of what it said about the creator's own mental state."[47]

Williams felt secure he would not run out of ideas, as the constant change in world events would keep him supplied.[46] He also explained that he often used free association of ideas while improvising in order to keep the audience interested.[48] The competitive atmosphere caused problems; for example, some comedians accused him of copying their jokes, which Williams strongly denied.[46][49][50] David Brenner claims that he confronted Williams personally and threatened him with bodily harm if he heard Williams utter another one of his jokes.[51][52] Whoopi Goldberg defended him, asserting that it is difficult for comedians not to reuse another comedian's material, and that it is done "all the time".[53] He later avoided going to performances of other comedians to deter similar accusations.[53]

During a Playboy interview in 1992, Williams was asked whether he ever feared losing his balance between his work and his life. He replied, "There's that fearif I felt like I was becoming not just dull but a rock, that I still couldn't speak, fire off or talk about things, if I'd start to worry or got too afraid to say something ... If I stop trying, I get afraid." While he attributed the recent suicide of novelist Jerzy Kosinski to his fear of losing his creativity and sharpness, Williams felt he could overcome those risks. For that, he credited his father for strengthening his self-confidence, telling him to never be afraid of talking about subjects which were important to him.[46]

Mork & Mindy

Photo of Robin Williams, as printed on the March 12, 1979, cover of Time magazine, and installed in the National Portrait Gallery to commemorate him posthumously

After the Laugh-In revival and appearing in the cast of The Richard Pryor Show on NBC, Williams was cast by Garry Marshall as the alien Mork in a 1978 episode of the TV series Happy Days, "My Favorite Orkan".[30][54] Sought after as a last minute cast replacement for a departing actor, Williams impressed the producer with his quirky sense of humor when he sat on his head when asked to take a seat for the audition.[55] As Mork, Williams improvised much of his dialogue and physical comedy, speaking in a high, nasal voice. The cast and crew, as well as TV network executives were deeply impressed with his performance.[56]

Mork's appearance proved so popular with viewers that it led to the spin-off television sitcom Mork & Mindy, which co-starred Pam Dawber, and ran from 1978 to 1982; the show was written to accommodate his extreme improvisations in dialog and behavior. Although he portrayed the same character as in Happy Days, the series was set in the present in Boulder, Colorado, instead of the late 1950s in Milwaukee. Mork & Mindy at its peak had a weekly audience of 60 million and was credited with turning Williams into a "superstar."[30] According to critic James Poniewozik, the series was especially popular among young people as Williams became a "man and a child, buoyant, rubber-faced, an endless gusher of invention."[57]

Mork became popular, featured on posters, coloring books, lunch-boxes, and other merchandise.[58] Mork & Mindy was such a success in its first season that Williams appeared on the March 12, 1979, cover of Time magazine.[59][60] The cover photo, taken by Michael Dressler in 1979, is said to have "[captured] his different sides: the funnyman mugging for the camera, and a sweet, more thoughtful pose that appears on a small TV he holds in his hands" according to Mary Forgione of the Los Angeles Times.[61] This photo was installed in the National Portrait Gallery in the Smithsonian Institution shortly after his death to allow visitors to pay their respects.[61] Williams also appeared on the cover of the August 23, 1979, issue of Rolling Stone, photographed by Richard Avedon.[62][63]

Starting in the late 1970s and throughout the 1980s, Williams began to reach a wider audience with his stand-up comedy, including three HBO comedy specials, Off The Wall (1978), An Evening with Robin Williams (1983) and Robin Williams: Live at the Met (1986). Also in 1986, Williams co-hosted the 58th Academy Awards.[64]

Williams was also a regular guest on various talk shows, including The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson[65] and Late Night with David Letterman, on which he appeared 50 times. Letterman, who knew Williams for nearly 40 years, recalls seeing him first perform as a new comedian at The Comedy Store in Hollywood, where Letterman and other comedians had already been doing stand-up. "He came in like a hurricane," said Letterman, who said he then thought to himself, "Holy crap, there goes my chance in show business."[66]

His stand-up work was a consistent thread through his career, as seen by the success of his one-man show (and subsequent DVD) Robin Williams: Live on Broadway (2002). He was voted 13th on Comedy Central's list "100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time" in 2004.[67]

Williams and Billy Crystal were in an unscripted cameo at the beginning of an episode of the third season of Friends.[68] His many TV appearances included an episode of Whose Line Is It Anyway?,[69] and he starred in an episode of Law & Order: Special Victims Unit. In 2010, he appeared in a sketch with Robert De Niro on Saturday Night Live, and in 2012, guest-starred as himself in two FX series, Louie and Wilfred.[70] In May 2013, CBS started a new series, The Crazy Ones, starring Williams,[71] but the show was canceled after one season.[72]

Film

See also: Robin Williams filmography

The first film role credited to Robin Williams is a small part in the 1977 low-budget comedy Can I Do It... 'Til I Need Glasses?. His first major performance is as the title character in Popeye (1980). There, Williams showcased the acting skills previously demonstrated in his television work; and the film's commercial disappointment was not blamed upon his role.[73][74] He stars as the leading character in The World According to Garp (1982), which Williams considered "may have lacked a certain madness onscreen, but it had a great core".[40] He continued with other smaller roles in less successful films, such as The Survivors (1983) and Club Paradise (1986), though he said these roles did not help advance his film career.[40]

His first major break came from his starring role in director Barry Levinson's Good Morning, Vietnam (1987), which earned Williams a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Actor.[54] The film is set in 1965 during the Vietnam War, with Williams playing the role of Adrian Cronauer, a radio shock jock who keeps the troops entertained with comedy and sarcasm. Williams was allowed to play the role without a script, improvising most of his lines. Over the microphone, he created voice impressions of people, including Walter Cronkite, Gomer Pyle, Elvis Presley, Mr. Ed, and Richard Nixon.[40] "We just let the cameras roll," said producer Mark Johnson, and Williams "managed to create something new for every single take."[75]

Williams and Yola Czaderska-Hayek at the 62nd Academy Awards in 1990

Many of his later roles were in comedies tinged with pathos.[76] His roles in comedy and dramatic films garnered Williams an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor (for his role as a psychologist in Good Will Hunting (1997)),[54] as well as two previous Academy Award nominations (for playing an English teacher in Dead Poets Society (1989), and for playing a troubled homeless man in The Fisher King (1991)).[54] In 1991, he played an adult Peter Pan in the film Hook, although he had said that he would have to lose twenty-five pounds for the role.[77]

Other roles Williams had in dramatic films include Moscow on the Hudson (1984), Awakenings (1990), What Dreams May Come (1998), and Bicentennial Man (1999).[78] In Insomnia, Williams portrayed a writer / killer on the run from a sleep-deprived Los Angeles policeman (played by Al Pacino) in rural Alaska.[79] Also in 2002, in the psychological thriller One Hour Photo, Williams played an emotionally disturbed photo development technician who becomes obsessed with a family for whom he has developed pictures for a long time.[80] The last Williams movie released during his lifetime was The Angriest Man in Brooklyn, a film addressing the value of life. In it, Williams played Henry Altmann, a terminally ill man who reassesses his life and works to redeem himself.[81]

Among the actors who helped him during his acting career, he credited Robert De Niro, from whom he learned the power of silence and economy of dialogue when acting. From Dustin Hoffman, with whom he co-starred in Hook, he learned to take on totally different character types, and to transform his characters by extreme preparation. Mike Medavoy, producer of Hook, told its director, Steven Spielberg, that he intentionally teamed up Hoffman and Williams for the film because he knew they wanted to work together, and that Williams welcomed the opportunity of working with Spielberg.[82] Williams benefited from working with Woody Allen, who directed him and Billy Crystal in Deconstructing Harry (1997), as Allen had knowledge of the fact that Crystal and Williams had often performed together on stage.[83]

His performance in the role of a therapist in Good Will Hunting (1997) deeply affected some real therapists and won Williams an Academy Award.[84] In Awakenings (1990), Williams played a doctor modeled on Oliver Sacks, who wrote the book on which the film was based. Sacks later said the way the actor's mind worked was a "form of genius." In 1989 Williams played a private school teacher in Dead Poets Society, which included a final, emotional scene which some critics said "inspired a generation" and became a part of pop culture.[85] Looking over most of his filmography, one writer was "struck by the breadth" and radical diversity of most roles Williams portrayed.[86]

Terry Gilliam, who co-founded Monty Python and directed Williams in two of his films, The Fisher King and The Adventures of Baron Munchausen (1988), said in 1992 that Williams had the ability to "go from manic to mad to tender and vulnerable ... [Williams had] the most unique mind on the planet. There's nobody like him out there."[46]

Williams in Washington, D.C. in 1996

Williams voiced characters in several animated films. His voice role as the Genie in the animated musical Aladdin (1992) was written for him. The film's directors stated that they took a risk by writing the role.[87] At first, Williams refused the role since it was a Disney movie, and he did not want the studio profiting by selling merchandise based on the movie. He accepted the role with certain conditions: "I'm doing it basically because I want to be part of this animation tradition. I want something for my children. One deal is, I just don't want to sell anythingas in Burger King, as in toys, as in stuff."[88] Williams improvised much of his dialogue, recording approximately 30 hours of tape,[12] and impersonated dozens of celebrities, including Ed Sullivan, Jack Nicholson, Robert De Niro, Groucho Marx, Rodney Dangerfield, William F. Buckley, Peter Lorre, Arnold Schwarzenegger, and Arsenio Hall.[89] His role in Aladdin became one of his most recognized and best-loved, and the film was the highest-grossing of 1992; it won numerous awards, including a Golden Globe for Williams. His performance led the way for other animated films to incorporate actors with more star power.[90] He was named a Disney Legend in 2009.[91]

Williams continued to provide voices in other animated films, including FernGully: The Last Rainforest (1992), Robots (2005), Happy Feet (2006), and an uncredited vocal performance in Everyone's Hero (2006). He also voiced the holographic Dr. Know character in the live-action film A.I. Artificial Intelligence (2001). He was the voice of The Timekeeper, a former attraction at the Walt Disney World Resort about a time-traveling robot who encounters Jules Verne and brings him to the future.[92] Janet Hirshenson later revealed in an interview that Williams had expressed interest in portraying Rubeus Hagrid in the Harry Potter films, but was rejected by Chris Columbus due to the "British-only edict".[93]

In 2006, he starred in The Night Listener, a thriller about a radio show host who realizes that a child with whom he has developed a friendship may or may not exist; that year, he starred in five movies, including Man of the Year,[78] was the Surprise Guest at the Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards[94] and appeared on an episode of Extreme Makeover: Home Edition that aired on January 30, 2006.[95]

After his death in 2014, four films starring him were released: Night at the Museum: Secret of the Tomb, A Merry Friggin' Christmas, Boulevard and Absolutely Anything.[96]

Theatre

Williams performing at the 2008 USO World Gala in Washington, D.C. on October 1, 2008

Williams appeared opposite Steve Martin at Lincoln Center in an off-Broadway production of Waiting for Godot in 1988.[97][98] He made his Broadway acting debut in Rajiv Joseph's Bengal Tiger at the Baghdad Zoo, which opened at the Richard Rodgers Theatre on March 31, 2011.[99] He headlined his own one-man show, Robin Williams: Live on Broadway, that played at the Broadway theatre in July 2002.[100]

Internet

Williams hosted a talk show for Audible. The program premiered in April 2000 and was available exclusively from Audible's website.[101][102]

Personal life

Marriages and children

Williams with Marsha Garces at the 61st Academy Awards in 1989

Williams married his first wife, Valerie Velardi, in June 1978, following a live-in relationship with comedian Elayne Boosler.[103] Velardi and Williams met in 1976 while he was working as a bartender at a tavern in San Francisco. Their son Zachary Pym "Zak" Williams was born in 1983.[104] Velardi and Williams were divorced in 1988.[105] While it was reported that Williams began an affair with Zachary's nanny Marsha Garces in 1986,[106] Velardi stated in the 2018 documentary Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind that the relationship with Garces began after the two had separated.[107]

On April 30, 1989, Williams married Garces, who was pregnant with his child. They had two children, Zelda Rae Williams (born 1989) and Cody Alan Williams (born 1991). In March 2008, Garces filed for divorce from Williams, citing irreconcilable differences.[108][109] Their divorce was finalized in 2010.

Williams married his third wife, graphic designer Susan Schneider, on October 22, 2011, in St. Helena, California. [110][111] The two lived at their house in Sea Cliff, San Francisco, California.[108]

Williams stated, "My children give me a great sense of wonder. Just to see them develop into these extraordinary human beings."[112]

In May 2019, Zak Williams and his fiancee announced the birth of their son, McLaurin "Mickey" Clement Williams, who would have been Robin's first grandchild. McLaurin was Robin's middle name.[113] Cody Williams and his fiancee were married on July 21, 2019, on what would have been Williams' 68th birthday.[114]

Other interests

Williams speaking at the 2008 BBC World Debate on February 27, 2008

Williams was raised and sometimes identified himself as an Episcopalian, but later in life, he did not follow any organized religion.[115][116] He described his denomination in a comedy routine as "I have that idea of Chicago protestant, EpiscopalCatholic light: half the religion, half the guilt."[117] He also described himself as an "honorary Jew",[118] and on Israel's 60th Independence Day in 2008, he appeared in Times Square, along with several other celebrities to wish Israel a happy birthday.[119]

Williams was an enthusiast of both pen-and-paper role-playing games and video games.[120][121][122] His daughter Zelda was named after the title character from The Legend of Zelda, a family favorite video game series, and he sometimes performed at consumer entertainment trade shows.[123][124][125]

His favorite books were the Foundation trilogy by Isaac Asimov,[126] with his favorite book as a child being The Lion, The Witch and The Wardrobe, which he later shared with his children.[127] He also became a devoted cycling enthusiast, having taken up the sport partly as a substitute for drugs. Eventually, he accumulated a large bicycle collection and became a fan of professional road cycling, often traveling to racing events, such as the Tour de France.[128][129] In 2016, his children donated 87 of his bicycles in support of the Challenged Athletes Foundation and Christopher & Dana Reeve Foundation.[130]

Philanthropy

In 1986, Williams teamed up with Whoopi Goldberg and Billy Crystal to found Comic Relief USA. This annual HBO television benefit devoted to the homeless has raised $80 million as of 2014.[131] Bob Zmuda, creator of Comic Relief, explains that Williams felt blessed because he came from a wealthy home, but wanted to do something to help those less fortunate.[132] Williams made benefit appearances to support literacy and women's rights, along with appearing at benefits for veterans. He was a regular on the USO circuit, where he traveled to 13 countries and performed to approximately 90,000 troops.[133] After his death, the USO thanked him "for all he did for the men and women of our armed forces."[134]

Williams and his second wife Marsha founded a philanthropic organization called the Windfall Foundation to raise money for many charities. In December 1999, he sang in French on the BBC-inspired music video of international celebrities doing a cover of The Rolling Stones single "It's Only Rock 'n Roll (But I Like It)" for the charity Children's Promise.[135]

In response to the 2010 Canterbury earthquake, he donated all proceeds of his "Weapons of Self Destruction" Christchurch performance to help rebuild the New Zealand city. Half the proceeds were donated to the Red Cross and half to the mayoral building fund.[136] Williams performed with the USO for U.S. troops stationed in Iraq and Afghanistan.[137]

Williams performing at an all-hands gathering at Naval Support Activity Bahrain on December 19, 2003

For several years, Williams supported St. Jude Children's Research Hospital.[138]

Williams was a long-time supporter of the Democratic Party and donated over $150,000 in addition to donations to special interest groups.[116]

Addiction and health problems

During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Williams had an addiction to cocaine.[54][139] He was a casual friend of John Belushi,[46] and the Saturday Night Live comic's death in 1982 from a drug overdose, which happened the morning after the two had partied together, along with the birth of his own son Zak, prompted him to quit drugs and alcohol: "Was it a wake-up call? Oh yeah, on a huge level. The grand jury helped, too."[54] Williams later said of Belushi's death, "It sobered the shit out of me."[140] Williams turned to exercise and cycling to help alleviate his depression shortly after Belushi's death; according to bicycle shop owner Tony Tom, Williams said, "cycling saved my life."[141][142][143]

In 2003, Williams started drinking again while working on a film in Alaska.[139] In 2006, he checked himself in to a substance-abuse rehabilitation center in Newberg, Oregon, saying he was an alcoholic.[144][145]

Years afterward, Williams acknowledged his failure to maintain sobriety, but said he never returned to using cocaine, declaring in a 2010 interview:

No. Cocaineparanoid and impotent, what fun. There was no bit of me thinking, ooh, let's go back to that. Useless conversations until midnight, waking up at dawn feeling like a vampire on a day pass. No.[139]

In March 2009, he was hospitalized due to heart problems. He postponed his one-man tour for surgery to replace his aortic valve[146], repair his mitral valve, and correct his irregular heartbeat.[147] The surgery was completed on March 13, 2009, at the Cleveland Clinic.[148]

In mid-2014, Williams admitted himself into the Hazelden Foundation Addiction Treatment Center in Center City, Minnesota, for treatment for alcoholism.[149]

His publicist, Mara Buxbaum, commented that he was suffering from severe depression before his death.[150] His wife, Susan Schneider, stated that in the period before his death, Williams had been sober, but was diagnosed with early stage Parkinson's disease, which was information he was "not yet ready to share publicly."[151][152] An autopsy revealed that Williams had diffuse Lewy body dementia, which had been diagnosed as Parkinson's. This may have contributed to his depression.[151][153][154]

In an essay published in the journal Neurology two years after his death, Schneider revealed that the pathology of Lewy body disease in Williams was described by several doctors as among the worst pathologies they had seen. She described the early symptoms of his disease as beginning in October 2013. Williams' initial condition included a sudden and prolonged spike in fear and anxiety, stress, sleeplessness and insomnia; which worsened in severity to include memory loss, paranoia, and delusions. According to Schneider, "Robin was losing his mind and he was aware of it ... He kept saying, 'I just want to reboot my brain.'"[9]

Death

On August 11, 2014, Williams committed suicide in his Paradise Cay, California, home.[8] His body was cremated at Montes Chapel of the Hills in San Anselmo, and his ashes were scattered over San Francisco Bay the day after his death.[155][156]

The final autopsy report, released in November 2014, concluded that he "died of 'asphyxia due to hanging."[157][158] Neither alcohol nor illegal drugs were involved, and prescription drugs present in his body were at "therapeutic" levels. The report also noted that Williams had been suffering from depression and anxiety.[159] An examination of his brain tissue suggested Williams suffered from "diffuse Lewy body dementia".[153] Describing the disease as "the terrorist inside my husband's brain", his wife Susan Schneider said, "however you look at itthe presence of Lewy bodies took his life," referring to his previous diagnosis of Parkinson's.[9]

The Lewy Body Dementia Association (LBDA) clarified the distinction between the term used in the autopsy report, diffuse Lewy body dementiawhich is more commonly called diffuse Lewy body disease and refers to the underlying disease processand the umbrella term, Lewy body dementiawhich encompasses both Parkinson's disease dementia (PD) and dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB).[160] According to LBDA spokesperson Dennis Dickson, "The report confirms he experienced depression, anxiety and paranoia, which may occur in either Parkinson's disease or dementia with Lewy bodies ... In early PD, Lewy bodies are generally limited in distribution, but in DLB, the Lewy bodies are spread widely throughout the brain, as was the case with Robin Williams."[160]

Tributes

A fan-made tribute to Williams at the San Francisco Pacific Heights home used for Mrs. Doubtfire (August 2014)

Williams's death instantly became global news. The entertainment world, friends, and fans responded to his death through social and other media outlets.[161] His wife, Susan Schneider, said: "I lost my husband and my best friend, while the world lost one of its most beloved artists and beautiful human beings. I am utterly heartbroken."[162] His daughter Zelda Williams responded to his death by stating that the "world is forever a little darker, less colorful and less full of laughter in his absence".[163]

President Barack Obama released a statement upon Williams' death:

Robin Williams was an airman, a doctor, a genie, a nanny, a president, a professor, a bangarang Peter Pan, and everything in between. But he was one of a kind. He arrived in our lives as an alien -- but he ended up touching every element of the human spirit. He made us laugh. He made us cry. He gave his immeasurable talent freely and generously to those who needed it most -- from our troops stationed abroad to the marginalized on our own streets. The Obama family offers our condolences to Robin's family, his friends, and everyone who found their voice and their verse thanks to Robin Williams.[164]

Talk show hosts including David Letterman, Conan O'Brien, Seth Meyers, Jimmy Kimmel, and Jimmy Fallon paid tribute to Williams on their shows.[165] Louis C.K. tweeted out, "Goodbye Pal. Thanks for everything".[166] This is of note due to the Louie episode "Barney/Never". This episode features Williams, who plays himself. The story revolves around Louie and Robin who go to a funeral for a man nobody liked, and, at the end of the episode, they agree to go to the funeral of whomever dies first.[167]

The Los Angeles Theatre theatre honors Williams on their marquee

During the 66th Primetime Emmy Awards on August 25, 2014, close friend and fellow comedian Billy Crystal presented a tribute to Williams, referring to him as "the brightest star in our comedy galaxy".[168][169] On September 9, 2014, PBS aired a one-hour special devoted to his career,[170] and on September 27, 2014, dozens of leading stars and celebrities held a tribute in San Francisco to celebrate his life and career.[171]

In honor of his theater work, the lights of Broadway were darkened for the evening of August 14, 2014.[172] That night, the cast of the Aladdin musical honored Williams by having the audience join them in a sing-along of "Friend Like Me", an Oscar-nominated song originally sung by Williams in the 1992 film Aladdin.[173] Fans of Williams created makeshift memorials at his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame[174] and at locations from his television and film career, such as the bench in Boston's Public Garden featured in Good Will Hunting;[175] the Pacific Heights, San Francisco, home used in Mrs. Doubtfire;[176] the sign for Parrish Shoes in Keene, New Hampshire, where parts of Jumanji were filmed;[177] and the Boulder, Colorado, home used for Mork & Mindy.[178] Work on a book biography was begun by New York Times writer David Itzkoff in 2014,[179] and was published in 2018, entitled simply Robin.[180]

A tunnel on Highway 101 north of the Golden Gate Bridge was officially named the "Robin Williams Tunnel" on February 29, 2016.[181]

Williams was scheduled to be the 'Blackmail' special guest for the final night of Monty Pythons 10 date stage shows in London one month before his death, with his friend, Monty Pythons Eric Idle, stating he was unable to attend due to "suffering from severe depression" at the time.[182] When the show was released on video, it was dedicated to Williams.[182]

Several fans paid tribute to Williams on social media with photo and video reenactments of the 1989 film Dead Poets Society's "O Captain! My Captain!" scene.[183]

British heavy metal band Iron Maiden dedicated a song titled "Tears of a Clown" to Williams on their 2015 album The Book of Souls. The song looks into his depression and suicide, as well as how he attempted to hide his condition from the public.[184] Shortly after his death, Disney Channel, Disney XD, and Disney Junior all aired the original Aladdin commercial-free over the course of a week, with a dedicated drawing of the genie at the end of each airing before the credits.[185]

In 2017, Sharon Meadow in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco, was renamed Robin Williams Meadow.[186]

In 2018, HBO produced a documentary about his life and career. Directed by Marina Zenovich, the film, Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind, was also screened at the Sundance Film Festival.[187] That same year, a mural of Robin Williams was created on Market Street, in San Francisco.[188]

Influences

Williams credited comedians including Jonathan Winters, Peter Sellers, Nichols and May, and Lenny Bruce as influences, admiring their ability to attract a more intellectual audience with a higher level of wit.[1]:43 He also liked Jay Leno for his quickness in ad-libbing comedy routines and Sid Caesar, whose acts he felt were "precious".[46]

Jonathan Winters was his "idol" early in life; Williams, aged eight, first saw him on television and paid him homage in interviews throughout his career.[1]:259[189] Williams was inspired by Winters' ingenuity, realizing, he said, "that anything is possible, that anything is funny... He gave me the idea that it can be free-form, that you can go in and out of things pretty easily."[1]:260

During an interview in London in 2002, Williams told Michael Parkinson that Peter Sellers was an important influence, especially his multi-character roles in Dr. Strangelove, stating, "It doesn't get better than that." British comedy actors Dudley Moore and Peter Cook were also among his influences, he told Parkinson.[190]

Williams was also influenced by Richard Pryor's fearless ability to talk about his personal life on stage, with subjects including his use of drugs and alcohol, and Williams added those kinds of topics during his own performances. By bringing up such personal matters as a form of comedy, he told Parkinson, it was "cheaper than therapy" and gave him a way to release his pent-up energy and emotions.[1]:121

Legacy

.mw-parser-output .quotebox{background-color:#F9F9F9;border:1px solid #aaa;box-sizing:border-box;padding:10px;font-size:88%;max-width:100%}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatleft{margin:0.5em 1.4em 0.8em 0}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatright{margin:0.5em 0 0.8em 1.4em}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.centered{margin:0.5em auto 0.8em auto}.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatleft p,.mw-parser-output .quotebox.floatright p{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .quotebox-title{background-color:#F9F9F9;text-align:center;font-size:larger;font-weight:bold}.mw-parser-output .quotebox-quote.quoted:before{font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:large;color:gray;content:" ";vertical-align:-45%;line-height:0}.mw-parser-output .quotebox-quote.quoted:after{font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;font-weight:bold;font-size:large;color:gray;content:" ";line-height:0}.mw-parser-output .quotebox .left-aligned{text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .quotebox .right-aligned{text-align:right}.mw-parser-output .quotebox .center-aligned{text-align:center}.mw-parser-output .quotebox cite{display:block;font-style:normal}@media screen and (max-width:360px){.mw-parser-output .quotebox{min-width:100%;margin:0 0 0.8em!important;float:none!important}} You can't look at any modern comic and say, "That's the descendant of Robin Williams", because it's not possible to be a Robin Williams rip-off. ... He raised the bar for what it's possible to do, and made an enormous amount of us want to be comedians.

Judd Apatow[191]

Although Williams was first recognized as a stand-up comedian and television star, he later became known for acting in film roles of substance and serious drama. He was considered a "national treasure" by many in the entertainment industry and by the public.[46][192]

Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame

His on-stage energy and improvisational skill became a model for a new generation of stand-up comedians. Many comedians valued the way he worked highly personal issues into his comedy routines, especially his honesty about drug and alcohol addiction, along with depression.[193] According to media scholar Derek A. Burrill, because of the openness with which Williams spoke about his own life, "probably the most important contribution he made to pop culture, across so many different media, was as Robin Williams the person."[193]

Williams' hands and footprints at Grauman's Chinese Theatre

Williams created a signature free-form persona in comedy, in a style that was so widely and uniquely identified with him, that new comedians imitated Williams personally. Jim Carrey impersonated his Mork character early in his own career.[194] This high-spirited persona has been generally credited with paving the way for the growing comedy scene which developed in San Francisco. Young comedians felt more liberated on stage by seeing his spontaneously diverse range: "one moment acting as a bright, mischievous child, then as a wise philosopher or alien from outer space."[195] According to Judd Apatow, the eclectic performer's rapid-fire improvisational style was an inspiration as well as an influence for other comedians, but that his talent was so extremely unusual that no one else could possibly attempt to copy it.[191]

His film performances often influenced other actors, both in and out of the film industry. Director Chris Columbus, who directed Williams in Mrs. Doubtfire, says that watching him work "was a magical and special privilege. His performances were unlike anything any of us had ever seen, they came from some spiritual and otherworldly place."[196] Looking over most of his filmography, Alyssa Rosenberg at The Washington Post was "struck by the breadth" and radical diversity of most of his roles, writing that "Williams helped us grow up."[86]

Awards

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Robin Williams

Won:

  • 1978 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Television Series Musical or Comedy, Mork & Mindy[197]
  • 1980 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Television Series Musical or Comedy, Mork & Mindy[198]
  • 1980 Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album, Reality ... What a Concept[198]
  • 1987 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, Good Morning, Vietnam[197]
  • 1987 Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album, A Night at the Met[198]
  • 1987 Emmy Award: Outstanding Individual Performance In A Variety Or Music Program, "Carol Burnett Special: Carol, Carl, Whoopi & Robin"[197][199]
  • 1988 Emmy Award: Outstanding Individual Performance In A Variety Or Music Program, "ABC Presents a Royal Gala"[197][199]
  • 1989 Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album, Good Morning Vietnam[198]
  • 1991 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, The Fisher King[197]
  • 1992 Golden Globe Award Special Achievement, Aladdin[200]
  • 1993 Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or Comedy, Mrs. Doubtfire[197]
  • 1996 Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Cast in a Motion Picture, The Birdcage[201]
  • 1997 Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor, Good Will Hunting[197]
  • 1997 Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role, Good Will Hunting[201]
  • 2003 Grammy Award for Best Comedy Album, Robin Williams Live 2002[198]
  • 2005 Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award[202]

See also

  • List of people with major depressive disorder

References

Footnotes

^ a b c d e f g Nachman, Gerald (2004). Seriously Funny: The Rebel Comedians of the 1950s and 1960s. Brno, Czech Republic: Back Stage Books. ISBN978-0823047864..mw-parser-output cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output .citation q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-free a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/65/Lock-green.svg/9px-Lock-green.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .id-lock-registration a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/d6/Lock-gray-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-gray-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .id-lock-subscription a,.mw-parser-output .citation .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/a/aa/Lock-red-alt-2.svg/9px-Lock-red-alt-2.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-ws-icon a{background:url("//upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/4/4c/Wikisource-logo.svg/12px-Wikisource-logo.svg.png")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-maint{display:none;color:#33aa33;margin-left:0.3em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em} ^ Kahn, Mattie (August 12, 2014). 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Archived from the original on March 29, 2008. ^ Chaney, Jen (October 24, 2011). "Robin Williams and Susan Schneider reportedly wed". Washington Post. Retrieved August 18, 2014. ^ Ravitz, Justin (October 24, 2011). "Robin Williams Weds!". Us Weekly. Retrieved October 24, 2014. ^ "Robin Williams. It's time for a convoluted stream of consciousness. Ask Me Anything!". Reddit.com. September 25, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ Juneau, Jen (June 14, 2019). "Robin Williams' Daughter Zelda Raves About Being a Proud 'Auntie' to Newborn Nephew Mickey". People Magazine. Retrieved July 30, 2019. ^ "Robin Williams' Youngest Son Gets Married on His Late Father's Birthday". PEOPLE.com. Retrieved August 20, 2019. ^ Ryan, Jacob (August 12, 2014). "Jews mourn the loss of honorary member of the tribe, Robin Williams". The Jerusalem Post. Jerusalem: The Jerusalem Post Group. Retrieved January 2, 2017. ^ a b "Robin Williams' Religion and Political Views". hollowverse.com. Retrieved March 17, 2019. ^ Johnson, Caitlin A. (July 3, 2007). "A "License" to Laugh". CBS News. Retrieved March 27, 2009. ^ Borschel, Amanda (August 12, 2014). "'Honorary Jew' Robin Williams, 63, found dead". The Times of Israel. AP. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ "Celebrity Salute to Israel @ Times Square". YouTube. May 13, 2008. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ Szymanski, Mike (August 21, 2002). "Robin Williams Confesses to Another Addiction ... the Internet". Zap2it. Chicago, Illinois: Tribune Media Services. Archived from the original on October 10, 2002. Retrieved August 22, 2014. ^ DeMaria, Rusel; Wilson, Johnny L. (2003). High Score!: The Illustrated History of Electronic Games (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill. p.154. ISBN978-0-07-223172-4. ^ Graser, Marc (August 13, 2014). "Robin Williams to Be Memorialized in 'World of Warcraft'". Variety. Los Angeles, California: Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved August 16, 2014. ^ Boutin, Paul (January 6, 2006). "Live coverage of Google Keynote with Robin Williams". Engadget.com. Retrieved October 24, 2014. ^ Terdiman, Daniel (May 11, 2006). "Robin Williams yucks it up for 'Spore'". CNet. Retrieved August 19, 2014. ^ "Dungeons and Dragons Game Day at London Dungeon". Viewlondon.co.uk. Archived from the original on July 22, 2007. Retrieved August 29, 2010. ^ Williams, Robin (September 25, 2013). "Robin Williams. It's time for a convoluted stream of consciousness. Ask Me Anything!" (Interview). Interviewed by The Reddit Community. ^ "Robin Williams. It's time for a convoluted stream of consciousness. Ask Me Anything!". Reddit.com. September 25, 2013. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ Murphy, Brian. "Tour de Lance: 100 percent pure". ESPN. Retrieved June 29, 2007. ^ Koeppel, Dan (2003). "Robin Williams Profile Robin Williams: "I'm Lucky to Have Bikes in My Life"". Bicycling Magazine. Archived from the original on September 3, 2014. Retrieved September 2, 2014. ^ "Cycle of Life | Paddle8". Paddle8. Archived from the original on November 9, 2016. Retrieved November 9, 2016. ^ Brown, Carolyn M. (August 12, 2014). "Robin Williams, Whoopi Goldberg and Billy Crystal Raised $80 Million For Homeless". blackenterprise.com. Retrieved October 24, 2014. ^ Finn, Natalie (August 12, 2014). "Billy Crystal and Whoopi Goldberg React in Kind to Robin Williams' Death: "No Words"". E!. Retrieved October 25, 2014. ^ Thompson, Mark (August 12, 2014). "The Military Absolutely Loved Robin Williams". Time. ^ On Patrol, USO, Fall 2014, p. 8 ^ "Stones cover enters festive race". BBC News Online. December 10, 1999. ^ Greenhill, Marc (November 16, 2010). "Robin Williams' quake donation". Stuff.co.nz. Retrieved August 11, 2014. ^ Bronstein, Phil (February 9, 2005). "Good Morning, Iraq". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved September 4, 2009. ^ "Celebrity Involvement at St. Jude". St. Jude. Retrieved July 7, 2012. ^ a b c Aitkenhead, Decca (September 20, 2010). "Robin Williams: 'I was shameful, did stuff that caused disgust that's hard to recover from'". The Guardian. London, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ Reinstein, Mara (January 21, 2018). "Sundance 2018: Five Revelations From New Robin Williams Documentary". US Weekly. New York City: American Media Inc. Retrieved December 28, 2018. ^ "(video) Robin Williams Told Friend 'Cycling Saved My Life' Post-Cocaine Days". ABC News. New York City: ABC. August 13, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014. ^ Duke, Alan (August 14, 2014). "Robin Williams was in early stages of Parkinson's disease, wife reveals". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. Retrieved August 16, 2014. ^ Gay, Jason (August 14, 2014). "Robin Williams and Dario Pegoretti: The Comedian and the Bike Builder". Wall Street Journal. New York City: Dow Jones & Company. Retrieved August 18, 2014.(Subscription required.) ^ "Robin Williams Comes Clean on 'GMA'". ABC News. New York City: ABC. October 2, 2006. Retrieved August 29, 2010. ^ Duke, Alan (March 4, 2009). "Robin Williams, short of breath, takes a break". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ "Robin Williams to undergo heart surgery". Today. Associated Press. March 5, 2009. Retrieved October 29, 2014. ^ Doheny, Kathleen. "Robin Williams' Heart Surgery: Road to Recovery". WebMD. Retrieved December 19, 2019. ^ "Robin Williams' heart surgery goes 'extremely well'". CNN. Atlanta, Georgia: Turner Broadcasting Systems. March 23, 2009. Archived from the original on October 24, 2014. Retrieved May 22, 2010. ^ Errico, Marcus (August 11, 2014). "Robin Williams Dead of Apparent Suicide at 63". Yahoo!. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ Duke, Alan (August 12, 2014). "Robin Williams dead; family, friends and fans are 'totally devastated'". CNN. Retrieved August 16, 2014. ^ a b "Robin Williams 'had Parkinson's'". BBC News. August 14, 2014. Retrieved August 14, 2014. ^ Ryder, Taryn (August 15, 2014). "Wife: Robin Williams Had Parkinson's Disease, His Sobriety Intact Before Death". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on August 16, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014. ^ a b "Robin Williams coroner's report finds no illegal drugs or alcohol in system". New York Daily News. Retrieved November 11, 2014. ^ Cooper, Marta (October 2, 2016). "Robin Williams suffered from a common form of dementia that many people don't know about". Qz.com. Retrieved October 6, 2016. ^ Ford, Dana (August 21, 2014). "Robin Williams' ashes scattered in San Francisco Bay". CNN. Retrieved August 21, 2014. ^ "Death Certificate Indicates Robin Williams Cremated, Ashes Scattered In San Francisco Bay". sanfrancisco.cbslocal.com. August 21, 2014. Retrieved September 16, 2014. ^ "No Alcohol Or Drugs Involved in Death of Robin Williams". NBC News. November 7, 2014. Retrieved December 20, 2018. ^ Itzkoff, Dave; Fitzsimmons, Emma G.; Weber, Bruce (August 11, 2014). "Robin Williams, Oscar-Winning Comedian, Dies at 63". The New York Times. Retrieved August 11, 2014. ^ Stucker, Matthew (November 7, 2014). "Robin Williams' death ruled suicide". CNN. Retrieved November 7, 2014. ^ a b "LBDA Clarifies Autopsy Report on Comedian, Robin Williams". Lewy Body Dementia Association. November 10, 2014. Retrieved April 19, 2018. ^ Derschowitz, Jessica (August 12, 2014). "Robin Williams tributes pour in from Hollywood". CBS News. Retrieved October 29, 2014. ^ "Beloved Comic, Actor Robin Williams Dead at 63". NBC. August 12, 2014. Retrieved October 29, 2014. ^ "Robin Williams' Family: 'The World is Forever a Little Darker'". Variety. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 12, 2014. ^ "President Obama on the Passing of Robin Williams: "He Was One of a Kind"". whitehouse.gov. August 11, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2019. ^ "Robin Williams late-night tributes: Jimmy Fallon, Seth Meyers and Conan O'Brien share memories". The Washington Post. August 13, 2014. ^ "Louis CK Tweets After Robin Williams' Death, Says 'Thanks for Everything'". www.theepochtimes.com. August 12, 2014. Retrieved March 5, 2019. ^ Bennett, Alanna. "Robin Williams On 'Louie' Carries Weight". Bustle. Retrieved March 5, 2019. ^ "Billy Crystal Emmys Tribute to Robin Williams Expected to Honor Humor", Guardianlv, August 22, 2014 ^ Sacks, Ethan (August 25, 2014). "Emmys 2014: Robin Williams given emotional tribute by good friend Billy Crystal". New York Daily News. Retrieved August 26, 2014. ^ "Robin Williams Tribute Special to Air on PBS", Variety, September 2, 2014. ^ "Robin Williams' Life Celebrated at San Francisco Tribute Attended by Family, Industry Friends", The Hollywood Reporter, September 27, 2014 ^ "Robin Williams honored on Broadway with dimmed lights, 'Aladdin' tribute". NBC News. Retrieved January 28, 2018. ^ Simakis, Andrea (August 14, 2014). "Broadway's 'Aladdin' cast honors Robin Williams with song". Cleveland.com. The Plain Dealer. Retrieved October 29, 2014. ^ "Fans mourn Robin Williams at Hollywood Walk of Fame star, autopsy pending". Los Angeles Daily News. City News Service. August 12, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2014. ^ MacQuarrie, Brian; Crimaldi, Laura (August 12, 2014). "Boston fans remember Robin Williams". The Boston Globe. Retrieved August 15, 2014. ^ Rocha, Veronica (August 13, 2014). "Robin Williams memorial grows outside 'Mrs. Doubtfire' house". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved August 16, 2014. ^ "Keene theater to host free 'Jumanji' screening after star's death". August 15, 2014. Retrieved March 19, 2018. ^ Bacle, Ariana (August 12, 2014). "Fans remember Robin Williams at 'Mork and Mindy' house". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved August 15, 2014. ^ "Robin Williams Bio in the Works", The Hollywood Reporter, August 27, 2014 ^ Itzkoff, Dave (May 15, 2018). Robin. New York: Henry Holt and Company. ISBN9781627794244. OCLC1035944986. Preview at Google Books. ^ "Robin Williams tunnel officially gets new signs". sfgate.com. Retrieved January 2, 2017. ^ a b "Monty Python reunion: Eric Idle on his late friend Robin Williams". EW. Retrieved August 22, 2019. ^ "Robin Williams death: Jimmy Fallon fights tears, pays tribute with 'Oh Captain, My Captain'". Retrieved November 15, 2014. ^ Morgan Britton, Luke (August 24, 2015). "Iron Maiden dedicate new song 'Tears Of A Clown' to Robin Williams". NME. Retrieved August 24, 2015. ^ Disney Networks to Air 'Aladdin' in Honor of Robin Williams, The Hollywood Reporter, August 14, 2014 ^ "Golden Gate Park meadow renamed for Robin Williams". SFGate. ^ Gleiberman, Owen (January 20, 2018). "Sundance Film Review: 'Robin Williams: Come Inside My Mind'". Variety.com. ^ "San Francisco mural honors Robin Williams". Los Angeles Times. August 30, 2018. Retrieved September 9, 2018.
Rodriguez, Joe Fitzgerald (August 29, 2018). "Artist paints Robin Williams mural for free on SF's Market Street". San Francisco Examiner. Retrieved September 9, 2018. ^ "Jonathan Winters Dead: 'Mork and Mindy' Star Dies At Age 87". Huffington Post. April 12, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2014. ^ video: Williams, Robin. "Robin Williams, Parkinson interview 2002" (Interview). Interviewed by Michael Parkinson. Retrieved September 18, 2014. ^ a b Browne, David (September 11, 2014). "Robin Williams, 19512014". Rolling Stone: 3847. Retrieved August 26, 2016. ^ "Glenn Close on Friend and Colleague: 'Robin Williams Was a World Treasure'" Archived May 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Showbiz411, August 13, 2014 ^ a b "Robin Williams: His unscripted riffs were not merely funny, but observant",(+video), Christian Science Monitor, August 12, 2014 ^ "Jim Carrey Impersonates Robin Williams" on YouTube ^ Rappoport, Leon. Punchlines: The Case for Racial, Ethnic, and Gender Humor, Greenwood Publishing (2005) p. 136 ^ "Valley native Chris Columbus speaks about life with Robin Williams". vindy.com. August 13, 2014. Retrieved October 24, 2014. ^ a b c d e f g "Did Robin Williams Ever Win an Emmy? Of Course He Did He Was Ridiculously Talented, After All", Bustle, August 2014 ^ a b c d e "Robin Williams Dies", Grammy.com, August 11, 2014 ^ a b Robin Williams Emmys Archived May 25, 2017, at the Wayback Machine, Emmys ^ "Aladdin". Golden Globe Awards. Retrieved March 7, 2017. ^ a b "SAG-AFTRA Statement on the Loss of Robin Williams", SAG-AFTRA, August 11, 2014 ^ "Emmy Awards Remember Robin Williams", Guardianlv, August 27, 2014

Sources

  • David, Jay (1999). The Life and Humor of Robin Williams: A Biography. New York: Quill. ISBN978-0-688-15245-1.
  • Dougan, Andy (1999). Robin Williams: A Biography. Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN978-1-56025-213-9.
  • Spignesi, Stephen J. (1997). The Robin Williams Scrapbook. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Pub. ISBN978-0-8065-1891-6.

Further reading

  • "The Life and Death of Robin Williams". ABC News. 2020. August 12, 2014.
  • Travers, Peter. "Peter Travers on 9 of His Favorite Robin Williams Performances Rolling Stone's film critic weighs in on the late actor and comedian's best work". Rolling Stone.
  • Weisman, Aly (August 13, 2014). "Robin Williams set up a 3-part trust fund for his kids amid money troubles before death". Business Insider.

External links

Robin Williamsat Wikipedia's sister projects
  • Media from Wikimedia Commons
  • News from Wikinews
  • Quotations from Wikiquote
  • Robin Williams at Find a Grave
  • Robin Williams at the Internet Broadway Database Edit this at Wikidata
  • Robin Williams on IMDb
  • Robin Williams at the TCM Movie Database Edit this at Wikidata
Awards for Robin Williams
  • v
  • t
  • e
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor19361950
  • Walter Brennan (1936)
  • Joseph Schildkraut (1937)
  • Walter Brennan (1938)
  • Thomas Mitchell (1939)
  • Walter Brennan (1940)
  • Donald Crisp (1941)
  • Van Heflin (1942)
  • Charles Coburn (1943)
  • Barry Fitzgerald (1944)
  • James Dunn (1945)
  • Harold Russell (1946)
  • Edmund Gwenn (1947)
  • Walter Huston (1948)
  • Dean Jagger (1949)
  • George Sanders (1950)
19511975
  • Karl Malden (1951)
  • Anthony Quinn (1952)
  • Frank Sinatra (1953)
  • Edmond O'Brien (1954)
  • Jack Lemmon (1955)
  • Anthony Quinn (1956)
  • Red Buttons (1957)
  • Burl Ives (1958)
  • Hugh Griffith (1959)
  • Peter Ustinov (1960)
  • George Chakiris (1961)
  • Ed Begley (1962)
  • Melvyn Douglas (1963)
  • Peter Ustinov (1964)
  • Martin Balsam (1965)
  • Walter Matthau (1966)
  • George Kennedy (1967)
  • Jack Albertson (1968)
  • Gig Young (1969)
  • John Mills (1970)
  • Ben Johnson (1971)
  • Joel Grey (1972)
  • John Houseman (1973)
  • Robert De Niro (1974)
  • George Burns (1975)
19762000
  • Jason Robards (1976)
  • Jason Robards (1977)
  • Christopher Walken (1978)
  • Melvyn Douglas (1979)
  • Timothy Hutton (1980)
  • John Gielgud (1981)
  • Louis Gossett Jr. (1982)
  • Jack Nicholson (1983)
  • Haing S. Ngor (1984)
  • Don Ameche (1985)
  • Michael Caine (1986)
  • Sean Connery (1987)
  • Kevin Kline (1988)
  • Denzel Washington (1989)
  • Joe Pesci (1990)
  • Jack Palance (1991)
  • Gene Hackman (1992)
  • Tommy Lee Jones (1993)
  • Martin Landau (1994)
  • Kevin Spacey (1995)
  • Cuba Gooding Jr. (1996)
  • Robin Williams (1997)
  • James Coburn (1998)
  • Michael Caine (1999)
  • Benicio del Toro (2000)
2001present
  • Jim Broadbent (2001)
  • Chris Cooper (2002)
  • Tim Robbins (2003)
  • Morgan Freeman (2004)
  • George Clooney (2005)
  • Alan Arkin (2006)
  • Javier Bardem (2007)
  • Heath Ledger (2008)
  • Christoph Waltz (2009)
  • Christian Bale (2010)
  • Christopher Plummer (2011)
  • Christoph Waltz (2012)
  • Jared Leto (2013)
  • J. K. Simmons (2014)
  • Mark Rylance (2015)
  • Mahershala Ali (2016)
  • Sam Rockwell (2017)
  • Mahershala Ali (2018)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Cecil B. DeMille Award1950s
  • Cecil B. DeMille (1952)
  • Walt Disney (1953)
  • Darryl F. Zanuck (1954)
  • Jean Hersholt (1955)
  • Jack L. Warner (1956)
  • Mervyn LeRoy (1957)
  • Buddy Adler (1958)
  • Maurice Chevalier (1959)
1960s
  • Bing Crosby (1960)
  • Fred Astaire (1961)
  • Judy Garland (1962)
  • Bob Hope (1963)
  • Joseph E. Levine (1964)
  • James Stewart (1965)
  • John Wayne (1966)
  • Charlton Heston (1967)
  • Kirk Douglas (1968)
  • Gregory Peck (1969)
1970s
  • Joan Crawford (1970)
  • Frank Sinatra (1971)
  • Alfred Hitchcock (1972)
  • Samuel Goldwyn (1973)
  • Bette Davis (1974)
  • Hal B. Wallis (1975)
  • Walter Mirisch (1977)
  • Red Skelton (1978)
  • Lucille Ball (1979)
1980s
  • Henry Fonda (1980)
  • Gene Kelly (1981)
  • Sidney Poitier (1982)
  • Laurence Olivier (1983)
  • Paul Newman (1984)
  • Elizabeth Taylor (1985)
  • Barbara Stanwyck (1986)
  • Anthony Quinn (1987)
  • Clint Eastwood (1988)
  • Doris Day (1989)
1990s
  • Audrey Hepburn (1990)
  • Jack Lemmon (1991)
  • Robert Mitchum (1992)
  • Lauren Bacall (1993)
  • Robert Redford (1994)
  • Sophia Loren (1995)
  • Sean Connery (1996)
  • Dustin Hoffman (1997)
  • Shirley MacLaine (1998)
  • Jack Nicholson (1999)
2000s
  • Barbra Streisand (2000)
  • Al Pacino (2001)
  • Harrison Ford (2002)
  • Gene Hackman (2003)
  • Michael Douglas (2004)
  • Robin Williams (2005)
  • Anthony Hopkins (2006)
  • Warren Beatty (2007)
  • Steven Spielberg (2009)
2010s
  • Martin Scorsese (2010)
  • Robert De Niro (2011)
  • Morgan Freeman (2012)
  • Jodie Foster (2013)
  • Woody Allen (2014)
  • George Clooney (2015)
  • Denzel Washington (2016)
  • Meryl Streep (2017)
  • Oprah Winfrey (2018)
  • Jeff Bridges (2019)
2020s
  • Tom Hanks (2020)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program
  • Perry Como / Dinah Shore (1959)
  • Harry Belafonte (1960)
  • Fred Astaire (1961)
  • Carol Burnett (1962)
  • Carol Burnett (1963)
  • Danny Kaye (1964)
  • Art Carney (1967)
  • Art Carney / Pat Paulsen (1968)
  • Arte Johnson / Harvey Korman (1969)
  • Harvey Korman (1971)
  • Harvey Korman (1972)
  • Tim Conway (1973)
  • Harvey Korman / Brenda Vaccaro (1974)
  • Jack Albertson / Cloris Leachman (1975)
  • Chevy Chase / Vicki Lawrence (1976)
  • Tim Conway / Rita Moreno (1977)
  • Tim Conway / Gilda Radner (1978)
  • Sarah Vaughan (1981)
  • Nell Carter / Andre De Shields (1982)
  • Leontyne Price (1983)
  • Cloris Leachman (1984)
  • George Hearn (1985)
  • Whitney Houston (1986)
  • Robin Williams (1987)
  • Robin Williams (1988)
  • Linda Ronstadt (1989)
  • Tracey Ullman (1990)
  • Billy Crystal (1991)
  • Bette Midler (1992)
  • Dana Carvey (1993)
  • Tracey Ullman (1994)
  • Barbra Streisand (1995)
  • Tony Bennett (1996)
  • Bette Midler (1997)
  • Billy Crystal (1998)
  • John Leguizamo (1999)
  • Eddie Izzard (2000)
  • Barbra Streisand (2001)
  • Sting (2002)
  • Wayne Brady (2003)
  • Elaine Stritch (2004)
  • Hugh Jackman (2005)
  • Barry Manilow (2006)
  • Tony Bennett (2007)
  • Don Rickles (2008)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
  • Fred Astaire (1950)
  • Danny Kaye (1951)
  • Donald O'Connor (1952)
  • David Niven (1953)
  • James Mason (1954)
  • Tom Ewell (1955)
  • Mario Moreno (1956)
  • Frank Sinatra (1957)
  • Danny Kaye (1958)
  • Jack Lemmon (1959)
  • Jack Lemmon (1960)
  • Glenn Ford (1961)
  • Marcello Mastroianni (1962)
  • Alberto Sordi (1963)
  • Rex Harrison (1964)
  • Lee Marvin (1965)
  • Alan Arkin (1966)
  • Richard Harris (1967)
  • Ron Moody (1968)
  • Peter O'Toole (1969)
  • Albert Finney (1970)
  • Chaim Topol (1971)
  • Jack Lemmon (1972)
  • George Segal (1973)
  • Art Carney (1974)
  • George Burns / Walter Matthau (1975)
  • Kris Kristofferson (1976)
  • Richard Dreyfuss (1977)
  • Warren Beatty (1978)
  • Peter Sellers (1979)
  • Ray Sharkey (1980)
  • Dudley Moore (1981)
  • Dustin Hoffman (1982)
  • Michael Caine (1983)
  • Dudley Moore (1984)
  • Jack Nicholson (1985)
  • Paul Hogan (1986)
  • Robin Williams (1987)
  • Tom Hanks (1988)
  • Morgan Freeman (1989)
  • Gerard Depardieu (1990)
  • Robin Williams (1991)
  • Tim Robbins (1992)
  • Robin Williams (1993)
  • Hugh Grant (1994)
  • John Travolta (1995)
  • Tom Cruise (1996)
  • Jack Nicholson (1997)
  • Michael Caine (1998)
  • Jim Carrey (1999)
  • George Clooney (2000)
  • Gene Hackman (2001)
  • Richard Gere (2002)
  • Bill Murray (2003)
  • Jamie Foxx (2004)
  • Joaquin Phoenix (2005)
  • Sacha Baron Cohen (2006)
  • Johnny Depp (2007)
  • Colin Farrell (2008)
  • Robert Downey Jr. (2009)
  • Paul Giamatti (2010)
  • Jean Dujardin (2011)
  • Hugh Jackman (2012)
  • Leonardo DiCaprio (2013)
  • Michael Keaton (2014)
  • Matt Damon (2015)
  • Ryan Gosling (2016)
  • James Franco (2017)
  • Christian Bale (2018)
  • Taron Egerton (2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor Television Series Musical or Comedy
  • Dan Dailey (1969)
  • Flip Wilson (1970)
  • Carroll O'Connor (1971)
  • Redd Foxx (1972)
  • Jack Klugman (1973)
  • Alan Alda (1974)
  • Alan Alda (1975)
  • Henry Winkler (1976)
  • Ron Howard / Henry Winkler (1977)
  • Robin Williams (1978)
  • Alan Alda (1979)
  • Alan Alda (1980)
  • Alan Alda (1981)
  • Alan Alda (1982)
  • John Ritter (1983)
  • Bill Cosby (1984)
  • Bill Cosby (1985)
  • Bruce Willis (1986)
  • Dabney Coleman (1987)
  • Michael J. Fox / Judd Hirsch / Richard Mulligan (1988)
  • Ted Danson (1989)
  • Ted Danson (1990)
  • Burt Reynolds (1991)
  • John Goodman (1992)
  • Jerry Seinfeld (1993)
  • Tim Allen (1994)
  • Kelsey Grammer (1995)
  • John Lithgow (1996)
  • Michael J. Fox (1997)
  • Michael J. Fox (1998)
  • Michael J. Fox (1999)
  • Kelsey Grammer (2000)
  • Charlie Sheen (2001)
  • Tony Shalhoub (2002)
  • Ricky Gervais (2003)
  • Jason Bateman (2004)
  • Steve Carell (2005)
  • Alec Baldwin (2006)
  • David Duchovny (2007)
  • Alec Baldwin (2008)
  • Alec Baldwin (2009)
  • Jim Parsons (2010)
  • Matt LeBlanc (2011)
  • Don Cheadle (2012)
  • Andy Samberg (2013)
  • Jeffrey Tambor (2014)
  • Gael Garcia Bernal (2015)
  • Donald Glover (2016)
  • Aziz Ansari (2017)
  • Michael Douglas (2018)
  • Ramy Youssef (2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album1959?1980
  • Stan Freberg The Best of the Stan Freberg Shows (1959)
  • Carl Sandburg Lincoln Portrait (1960)
  • Robert Bialek (producer) FDR Speaks (1961)
  • Leonard Bernstein Humor in Music (1962)
  • Charles Laughton The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963)
  • Edward Albee (playwright) Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (1964)
  • That Was the Week That Was BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965)
  • Goddard Lieberson (producer) John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966)
  • Edward R. Murrow Edward R. Murrow - A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967)
  • Everett Dirksen Gallant Men (1968)
  • Rod McKuen Lonesome Cities (1969)
  • Art Linkletter & Diane Linkletter We Love You Call Collect (1970)
  • Martin Luther King Jr. Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971)
  • Les Crane Desiderata (1972)
  • Bruce Botnick (producer) Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973)
  • Richard Harris Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974)
  • Peter Cook and Dudley Moore Good Evening (1975)
  • James Whitmore Give 'em Hell, Harry! (1976)
  • Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones and Orson Welles - Great American Documents (1977)
  • Julie Harris The Belle of Amherst (1978)
  • Orson Welles Citizen Kane Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979)
  • John Gielgud Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare (1980)
1981?2000
  • Pat Carroll Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein (1981)
  • Orson Welles Donovan's Brain (1982)
  • Tom Voegeli (producer) Raiders of the Lost Ark - The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983)
  • William Warfield Lincoln Portrait (1984)
  • Ben Kingsley The Words of Gandhi (1985)
  • Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986)
  • Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins and Sam Phillips Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987)
  • Garrison Keillor Lake Wobegon Days (1988)
  • Jesse Jackson Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson (1989)
  • Gilda Radner It's Always Something (1990)
  • George Burns Gracie: A Love Story (1991)
  • Ken Burns The Civil War (1992)
  • Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993)
  • Maya Angelou On the Pulse of Morning (1994)
  • Henry Rollins Get in the Van (1995)
  • Maya Angelou Phenomenal Woman (1996)
  • Hillary Clinton It Takes a Village (1997)
  • Charles Kuralt Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998)
  • Christopher Reeve Still Me (1999)
  • LeVar Burton The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr. (2000)
2001?present
  • Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001)
  • Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002)
  • Maya Angelou and Charles B. Potter (producer) A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) Live 2002 (2003)
  • Al Franken and Paul Ruben (producer) Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004)
  • Bill Clinton My Life (2005)
  • Barack Obama Dreams from My Father (2006)
  • Jimmy Carter Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee - With Ossie and Ruby (2007)
  • Barack Obama and Jacob Bronstein (producer) The Audacity of Hope (2008)
  • Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon and Blair Underwood An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore (2009)
  • Michael J. Fox Always Looking Up (2010)
  • Jon Stewart The Daily Show with Jon Stewart Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011)
  • Betty White If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012)
  • Janis Ian Society's Child (2013)
  • Stephen Colbert America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014)
  • Joan Rivers Diary of a Mad Diva (2015)
  • Jimmy Carter A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016)
  • Carol Burnett In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017)
  • Carrie Fisher The Princess Diarist (2018)
  • Jimmy Carter Faith: A Journey for All (2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Hasty Pudding Men of the Year
  • Bob Hope (1967)
  • Paul Newman (1968)
  • Bill Cosby (1969)
  • Robert Redford (1970)
  • James Stewart (1971)
  • Dustin Hoffman (1972)
  • Jack Lemmon (1973)
  • Peter Falk (1974)
  • Warren Beatty (1975)
  • Robert Blake (1976)
  • Johnny Carson (1977)
  • Richard Dreyfuss (1978)
  • Robert De Niro (1979)
  • Alan Alda (1980)
  • John Travolta (1981)
  • James Cagney (1982)
  • Steven Spielberg (1983)
  • Sean Connery (1984)
  • Bill Murray (1985)
  • Sylvester Stallone (1986)
  • Mikhail Baryshnikov (1987)
  • Steve Martin (1988)
  • Robin Williams (1989)
  • Kevin Costner (1990)
  • Clint Eastwood (1991)
  • Michael Douglas (1992)
  • Chevy Chase (1993)
  • Tom Cruise (1994)
  • Tom Hanks (1995)
  • Harrison Ford (1996)
  • Mel Gibson (1997)
  • Kevin Kline (1998)
  • Samuel L. Jackson (1999)
  • Billy Crystal (2000)
  • Anthony Hopkins (2001)
  • Bruce Willis (2002)
  • Martin Scorsese (2003)
  • Robert Downey Jr. (2004)
  • Tim Robbins (2005)
  • Richard Gere (2006)
  • Ben Stiller (2007)
  • Christopher Walken (2008)
  • James Franco (2009)
  • Justin Timberlake (2010)
  • Jay Leno (2011)
  • Jason Segel (2012)
  • Kiefer Sutherland (2013)
  • Neil Patrick Harris (2014)
  • Chris Pratt (2015)
  • Joseph Gordon-Levitt (2016)
  • Ryan Reynolds (2017)
  • Paul Rudd (2018)
  • Milo Ventimiglia (2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
MTV Movie Award for Best Comedic Performance
  • Billy Crystal (1992)
  • Robin Williams (1993)
  • Robin Williams (1994)
  • Jim Carrey (1995)
  • Jim Carrey (1996)
  • Jim Carrey (1997)
  • Jim Carrey (1998)
  • Adam Sandler (1999)
  • Adam Sandler (2000)
  • Ben Stiller (2001)
  • Reese Witherspoon (2002)
  • Mike Myers (2003)
  • Jack Black (2004)
  • Dustin Hoffman (2005)
  • Steve Carell (2006)
  • Sacha Baron Cohen (2007)
  • Johnny Depp (2008)
  • Jim Carrey (2009)
  • Zach Galifianakis (2010)
  • Emma Stone (2011)
  • Melissa McCarthy (2012)
  • Jonah Hill (2014)
  • Channing Tatum (2015)
  • Ryan Reynolds (2016)
  • Lil Rel Howery (2017)
  • Tiffany Haddish (2018)
  • Dan Levy (2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
National Board of Review Award for Best Actor
  • Ray Milland (1945)
  • Laurence Olivier (1946)
  • Michael Redgrave (1947)
  • Walter Huston (1948)
  • Ralph Richardson (1949)
  • Alec Guinness (1950)
  • Richard Basehart (1951)
  • Ralph Richardson (1952)
  • James Mason (1953)
  • Bing Crosby (1954)
  • Ernest Borgnine (1955)
  • Yul Brynner (1956)
  • Alec Guinness (1957)
  • Spencer Tracy (1958)
  • Victor Sjostrom (1959)
  • Robert Mitchum (1960)
  • Albert Finney (1961)
  • Jason Robards (1962)
  • Rex Harrison (1963)
  • Anthony Quinn (1964)
  • Lee Marvin (1965)
  • Paul Scofield (1966)
  • Peter Finch (1967)
  • Cliff Robertson (1968)
  • Peter O'Toole (1969)
  • George C. Scott (1970)
  • Gene Hackman (1971)
  • Peter O'Toole (1972)
  • Al Pacino / Robert Ryan (1973)
  • Gene Hackman (1974)
  • Jack Nicholson (1975)
  • David Carradine (1976)
  • John Travolta (1977)
  • Jon Voight / Laurence Olivier (1978)
  • Peter Sellers (1979)
  • Robert De Niro (1980)
  • Henry Fonda (1981)
  • Ben Kingsley (1982)
  • Tom Conti (1983)
  • Victor Banerjee (1984)
  • William Hurt / Raul Julia (1985)
  • Paul Newman (1986)
  • Michael Douglas (1987)
  • Gene Hackman (1988)
  • Morgan Freeman (1989)
  • Robert De Niro / Robin Williams (1990)
  • Warren Beatty (1991)
  • Jack Lemmon (1992)
  • Anthony Hopkins (1993)
  • Tom Hanks (1994)
  • Nicolas Cage (1995)
  • Tom Cruise (1996)
  • Jack Nicholson (1997)
  • Ian McKellen (1998)
  • Russell Crowe (1999)
  • Javier Bardem (2000)
  • Billy Bob Thornton (2001)
  • Campbell Scott (2002)
  • Sean Penn (2003)
  • Jamie Foxx (2004)
  • Philip Seymour Hoffman (2005)
  • Forest Whitaker (2006)
  • George Clooney (2007)
  • Clint Eastwood (2008)
  • George Clooney / Morgan Freeman (2009)
  • Jesse Eisenberg (2010)
  • George Clooney (2011)
  • Bradley Cooper (2012)
  • Bruce Dern (2013)
  • Michael Keaton / Oscar Isaac (2014)
  • Matt Damon (2015)
  • Casey Affleck (2016)
  • Tom Hanks (2017)
  • Viggo Mortensen (2018)
  • Adam Sandler (2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Saturn Award for Best Actor
  • James Caan/Don Johnson (1974/75)
  • David Bowie/Gregory Peck (1976)
  • George Burns (1977)
  • Warren Beatty (1978)
  • George Hamilton (1979)
  • Mark Hamill (1980)
  • Harrison Ford (1981)
  • William Shatner (1982)
  • Mark Hamill (1983)
  • Jeff Bridges (1984)
  • Michael J. Fox (1985)
  • Jeff Goldblum (1986)
  • Jack Nicholson (1987)
  • Tom Hanks (1988)
  • Jeff Daniels (1989/90)
  • Anthony Hopkins (1991)
  • Gary Oldman (1992)
  • Robert Downey Jr. (1993)
  • Martin Landau (1994)
  • George Clooney (1995)
  • Eddie Murphy (1996)
  • Pierce Brosnan (1997)
  • James Woods (1998)
  • Tim Allen (1999)
  • Hugh Jackman (2000)
  • Tom Cruise (2001)
  • Robin Williams (2002)
  • Elijah Wood (2003)
  • Tobey Maguire (2004)
  • Christian Bale (2005)
  • Brandon Routh (2006)
  • Will Smith (2007)
  • Robert Downey Jr. (2008)
  • Sam Worthington (2009)
  • Jeff Bridges (2010)
  • Michael Shannon (2011)
  • Matthew McConaughey (2012)
  • Robert Downey Jr. (2013)
  • Chris Pratt (2014)
  • Harrison Ford (2015)
  • Ryan Reynolds (2016)
  • Mark Hamill (2017)
  • Robert Downey Jr. (2018/2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor
  • Marty Feldman (1974/75)
  • Jay Robinson (1976)
  • Alec Guinness (1977)
  • Burgess Meredith (1978)
  • Arte Johnson (1979)
  • Scatman Crothers (1980)
  • Burgess Meredith (1981)
  • Richard Lynch (1982)
  • John Lithgow (1983)
  • Tracey Walter (1984)
  • Roddy McDowall (1985)
  • Bill Paxton (1986)
  • Richard Dawson (1987)
  • Robert Loggia (1988)
  • Thomas F. Wilson (1989/90)
  • William Sadler (1991)
  • Robin Williams (1992)
  • Lance Henriksen (1993)
  • Gary Sinise (1994)
  • Brad Pitt (1995)
  • Brent Spiner (1996)
  • Vincent D'Onofrio (1997)
  • Ian McKellen (1998)
  • Michael Clarke Duncan (1999)
  • Willem Dafoe (2000)
  • Ian McKellen (2001)
  • Andy Serkis (2002)
  • Sean Astin (2003)
  • David Carradine (2004)
  • Mickey Rourke (2005)
  • Ben Affleck (2006)
  • Javier Bardem (2007)
  • Heath Ledger (2008)
  • Stephen Lang (2009)
  • Andrew Garfield (2010)
  • Andy Serkis (2011)
  • Clark Gregg (2012)
  • Ben Kingsley (2013)
  • Richard Armitage (2014)
  • Adam Driver (2015)
  • John Goodman (2016)
  • Patrick Stewart (2017)
  • Josh Brolin (2018/2019)
  • v
  • t
  • e
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Supporting Role
  • Martin Landau (1994)
  • Ed Harris (1995)
  • Cuba Gooding Jr. (1996)
  • Robin Williams (1997)
  • Robert Duvall (1998)
  • Michael Caine (1999)
  • Albert Finney (2000)
  • Ian McKellen (2001)
  • Christopher Walken (2002)
  • Tim Robbins (2003)
  • Morgan Freeman (2004)
  • Paul Giamatti (2005)
  • Eddie Murphy (2006)
  • Javier Bardem (2007)
  • Heath Ledger (2008)
  • Christoph Waltz (2009)
  • Christian Bale (2010)
  • Christopher Plummer (2011)
  • Tommy Lee Jones (2012)
  • Jared Leto (2013)
  • J. K. Simmons (2014)
  • Idris Elba (2015)
  • Mahershala Ali (2016)
  • Sam Rockwell (2017)
  • Mahershala Ali (2018)
Authority control Edit this at Wikidata
  • BIBSYS: 97017041
  • BNE: XX1296368
  • BNF: cb139544843 (data)
  • CANTIC: a10852402
  • GND: 119040468
  • ISNI: 0000 0001 1879 5962
  • LCCN: n99250620
  • MusicBrainz: 536e8e61-8040-40a1-8b35-a2c6996dc44f
  • NDL: 001193690
  • NKC: xx0023542
  • NLA: 40056117
  • NLI: 001692212
  • NTA: 071595104
  • ICCU: IT\ICCU\MILV\105349
  • SELIBR: 377300
  • SNAC: w6571dp3
  • SUDOC: 055391710
  • Trove: 1443121
  • VIAF: 93723961
  • WorldCat Identities (via VIAF): 93723961
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robin_Williams&oldid=934977588"
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